Three Estate System- Social system;
The first estate- around 130,000 members of the Catholic clergy made up this estate. Church controlled about 10% of the land, exempt from the chief tax. Split, upper clergy siding with the nobles, lower clergy siding with the poor.
The second estate- About 350,000 nobled were members of the Second estate. Hold important positions in the government, military, law courts and the church. Had 30% of the land. Split like the first estate Nobility of the robe, holding offices of government and the Nobility of the sword, claiming to be descendants of the the original medieval nobility. Exempt from chief tax and sought to expand their power at the expense of the king
The third estate- 75- 80 % of the population. owned about 35-40% of the land, but more than half had no land, about 8% or 2.3 million ,members of the third estate were bourgeoisie, or middle class. They were educated and felt like they deserved more rights.
The Three Estates System was not important because it did not have a profound effect on classifying people by class.