Advocating for a ban of alcohol.
Would go into bars and destroy furniture with a hatchet.
Wants to fix the US using progresivism
Gets in by being VP when McKinly dies
Uses the Square Deal to try and give equality to the people
Gives up presidency to VP to go hunt big animals
Angers Roosevelt by going after JP Morgan US Steel a good trust
Splits republicans on the tarrif
Picks Ballinger vs. Pinchot and supports conrporation
The New Freedom
Tearing down the triple wall of privilege
TRUSTS, TARIFFS, THE BANKS
Federal Reserve Act
In a sense a 3rd BUS, that would allow substantial public control of the nations financial system. A national paper currency. Banks borrow money from government for very low rates and then charge people 4% interest. When the economy is good interest is high
Substantially reduced import fees
1914 Clayton Anti-Trust Act
Redefined the Sherman Anti-Trust act of 1890
Exempted unions and eliminated interlocking directorates
Constitution does not follow the flag. Islands and territories not a part of the USA do not get the constitutional rights.
1901 - 1912 Square Deal
Republican Reform Under Roosevelt
*Control of the corporations
*Conservation of natural resources
Pennsylvania Coal Strike
The coal miners strike and Roosevelt sends in national guardsman to threaten the coal miners with the threat of nationalization of the company to get them to negotiate. This was completely different than expected for a republican making Roosevelt a popular president.
Northern Securities Company
Roosevelt attacked the Northern Securities Company, a major holding of JP Morgan. Supreme court backed up Roosevelt in all trust busting. He did let good trusts off the hook if they were creating efficiency and helping the consumer.
Election of 1904
Republican Theodore Roosevelt wins vs Democratic Parker
Election of 1908
Republican Taft Winner Vs. Democratic Bryan
Election of 1912
Democrat Wilson Winner vs. Progressive T. Roosevelt vs Republican Taft
Roosevelt split the republican party causing them to lose
16th Amendment: Congress has the power to collect income tax
17th Amendment: The direct election of Senators
Lets people elect state senators
the Espionage Act essentially made it a crime for any person to convey information intended to interfere with the U.S. armed forces prosecution of the war effort or to promote the success of the country's enemies.
It forbade the use of "disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language" about the United States government, its flag, or its armed forces or that caused others to view the American government or its institutions with contempt.
18th Amendment: National Prohibition
19th Amendment: Woman's Suffrage
Women can vote
Role of the Muckrakers
Muckrakers are the journalists who are investigating and writing about the problems in the US such as the dangers and practices of big companies. Upton Sinclairs The Jungle brings about The Meat Inspection Act and The Pure Food and Drug Act
Progressive vs. Populist
Progressive = Middle - Upper Class americans usually in an urban setting straddling both democrats and republicans
Populists = poor farmers known to be radical and almost always democratic.
Just report on things observed in society.
Driving Force behind the progressives
Using Social Gospel provide people a level playing field to climb up the ladder. Government makes a ladder.
Challenges to economic theory
Gospel of Wealth (Wealth should be shared by rish) VS. Social Gospel (Government should regulate)
Conservation vs. Preservation
Worry about the disappearance of the frontier
Jack Londons Call of the Wild
John Muir supports preservation and started the sierra club
Gifford Pinchot supports conservation (use and replenish) Head of the national forest service
Ballinger supports no regulation (no one cares)