The Gilded Age

Main

The Machine and The Boss Rule

1860 - 1901

Urban Growth

1860 - 1920

New Immigration

1860

Tammany Hall

1860 - 1872

The Boss was William M. Tweed

Tenements

1862

Steel Industry

1868

Knights of Labor

1869

Petroleum Industry

1870

Standard Oil

1870

John Rockefeller invested in petroleum and it became one of America's largest corporations.

Social Darwinism

1870 - 1880

The idea of survival of the fittest. Many billionaires used this philosophy to justify their gain and the poors' struggles.

Carnegie Steel

1873

Andrew Carnegie began investing in railroads and his railroad corporation began in Pittsburgh and was the most successful.

American Federation of Labor

1881

Labor Strikes

1881

How the Other Half Lives

1890

Created by Jacob Riis. It was a novel that had pictures of the housing of immigrants.

Nativism

1890

Immigration Restriction League- 1894. They believed that immigrants needed to take literacy test to determine the desirable and the undesirable.

Imperialism

1890

Homestead Strike

1892

Free Silver

1892

The use of silver to back up currency. Mint Ratio- the idea that 16 ounces of silver equals 1 ounce of gold.

The People's Party

1892

Lead to the creation of Populism. This party consisted of many small farmers and miners.

Pullman Strike

1894

Coxey's Army

1894

Coxey and his followers wanted creation of job opportunities and when Congress continuously ignored their requests; they marched to Washington D.C where Coxey was arrested and his army was put into camps.

Cross of Gold

1896

A speech delivered by William Jennings Bryan which also produce the political technique of fusion.

The Maine

1898

Election of 1900

1900

Bryan vs. McKinley. This election McKinley won.

Labor Contract Law

1900

Child Labor Laws

1900

Gold Standard Act

1900

Gospel of Wealth

1901

Written by Andrew Carnegie to propose solving the social problems.

Acres of Diamonds

1901

Russell H. Conwell's lecture that expressed the idea that wealth is available to all.

Public Health Services

1912

The Creation of the Assembly Line

1914