Chp. 18: The Age of the City

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Mount Holyoke College founded

1836

first founded as seminary for women

Modern Baseball founded

1840

created by Abner Doubleday (many rules created by Alexander Cartwright) 1st team Cincinnati Red Stockings 1869

1st urban tenement building in NYC

1850

"tenement" had originally referred to multiple-family rental building, but by late 19th cent. being used to describe slum dwellings only

Central Park opened

1859

The most successful American promoters of this notion of the park as refuge were the landscape designers Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Vaux, who teamed up to design Central Park.

Vassar College founded

1865

1st intercollegiate football game

1869

Princeton v. Rutgers

Wellesly College founded

1870

NYC opens elevated railroads

1870

Great Fires

1871

destroy much of Chicago and Boston

Smith College founded

1871

Montgomery Ward distributes 1st catalog

1872

distributed catalog of consumer goods in association w/ farmers organization, the Grange

Tammany's Boss Tweed convicted of corruption

1872

corrupt city boss William M. Tweed, boss of NYC Tammany Hall

Johns Hopkins Univ. creates 1st modern grad school

1876

National League founded

1876

baseball, founded by Albert Spalding

1st F.W. Woolworth store opens in Utica, NY

1879

"Five an Ten Cent Store" , went on to build natl. chain of dry goods stores

Salvation Army begins operations in America

1879

founded in London in 1878. concentrated more on religious revivalism than on relief of homeless and hungry

Carlisle Indian Industrial School founded

1879

founded in PA

Congress restricts Chinese immigration

1882

even though Chinese only made up 1.2% of pop. of West Coast

Brooklyn Bridge open

1883

designed by John A. Roebling

1st skyscraper built in Chicago

1884

1st building to use steel-girder technique

The Rise of Silas Lapham

1884

published by WIlliam Dean Howells

Sears Roebuck begins business in Chicago

1887

established by Richard Sears in Chicago

American Protective Association founded

1887

created by Henry Bowers (hated Catholics and foreigners). group committed to stopping immigrant tide. by 1894 membership reached 500,000

How the Other Half Lives

1890

published by Jacob Riis, photographed slum life, living in tenements

Basketball invented

1891

invented by James Naismith

Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago

1893

a world's fair constructed to honor the 400th anniversary of Columbus's 1st voyage to America. at center of exposition was cluster of neoclassical buildings - the "Great White City" - one of inspiring events for "city beautiful" movement, led by the "Great White City" architect Daniel Burnham

Immigration Restriction League founded

1894

founded in Boston by 5 Harvard alumni. dedicated to belief that immigrants should be screened through literacy tests and other standards designed to separate the desirable from the undesirable

1st Coney Island amusement park opens

1895

The Red Badge of Courage

1895

published by Stephen Crane

1st subway in America

1895

in Boston

The Awakening

1899

published by Kate Choplin

Sister Carrie

1900

published by Theodore Dreiser

American League founded

1901

baseball

The Ambassadors

1903

published by Henry James

Red Sox win 1st World Series

1903

beat Pittsburgh Pirates

The Jungle

1906

published by Upton Sinclair

SF Earthquake

1906

NCAA founded

1910

founded to regulate college football in effort to make it safer and more honest

Armory Show in NY

1913

staged by artists from Ashcan School

The Birth of a Nation

1915

D.W. Griffith, moving picture, created Intolerance (1916), Birth of a Nation celebrated KKK