King Henry VII 1485 - 1509
•Great-great-great-grandson of Edward III
•Born: January 28, 1457 at Pembroke Castle, Wales
•Parents: Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, and Margaret Beaufort
•Ascended to the throne: 22 August 1485 aged 28 years
•Crowned: 30 October 1485 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV
•Children: Three sons and four daughters. Only 4 of whom survived infancy; Arthur, Margaret, Henry and Mary
•Died: 21 April 1509 at Richmond Palace, Surrey, aged 52 years
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: his son Henry VIII
1471 - Henry aged 14 fled to Brittany, France, when Lancastrian King Henry VI is murdered by Yorkist King Edward IV making Welsh Henry next in line to the throne.
1485 - Henry gained the throne when he defeated and killed Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth. The battle ended the War of the Roses, a dispute between the House of Lancaster and the House of York.
Immediately following his victory at Bosworth he married the Yorkist heiress, Edward IV ‘s daughter, Elizabeth to consolidate the warring families.
King Henry VIII 1509 - 1547
■Second son of Henry VII
■Born: 28 June 1491 at Greenwich Palace
■Parents: Henry VII and Elizabeth of York
■Ascended to the throne: 21 April 1509 aged 17 years
■Crowned: 24 June 1509 at Westminster Abbey
(1) Catherine of Aragon 1509-1533 Divorced
(2) Anne Boleyn 1533-1536 Beheaded
(3) Jane Seymour 1536-1537 Died
(4) Anne of Cleves 1540 Divorced
(5) Catherine Howard 1540-1542 Beheaded
(6) Catherine Parr 1543-1547 Survived
■Children: Three legitimate who survived infancy; Mary, Elizabeth and Edward, and at least one illegitimate child Henry Fitzroy.
■Died: 28 January 1547 at Whitehall Palace, London, aged 55 years
■Buried at: Windsor
■Succeeded by: his son Edward VI
Henry succeeded to the throne because his elder brother Arthur died in 1502. His first wife, Catherine of Aragon, was Arthur's wife.
The best known fact about Henry VIII is that he had six wives!
Henry argued with the Pope and made himself the head of the new 'Church of England'.
Most school children learn the following rhyme to help them remember the fate of each wife: "Divorced, Beheaded, Died: Divorced, Beheaded, Survived".
Edward was the only son of Henry VIII.
Edward VI became king at the age of nine upon the death of his father, Henry Vlll. He was known as 'The Boy King'. His mother was Jane Seymour, Henry Vlll's third wife.
Edward was a sickly child and the country was run by his protectors: firstly, the Duke of Somerset, his mother's brother, then by the Duke of Northumberland.
Edward enjoyed reading about battles and writing Greek.
Edward died at the age of 16 in 1553.
•Born: 8 February 1516 at Greenwich Palace
•Parents: Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
•Ascended to the throne: 19 July 1553 aged 37 years
•Crowned: 1 October 1553 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Philip II of Spain
•Died: November 17, 1558 at St James Palace, London, aged 42 years
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: her half sister Elizabeth
Her nickname was Bloody Mary because of the huge numbers of people she murdered to return England from its Protestant regime back to the Catholic faith.
Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581 (as Philip I, Filipe I). From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sicily as well as Duke of Milan. During his marriage to Queen Mary I (1554–58), he was also King of England and Ireland. From 1555, he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spanish as "Philip the Prudent" (Felipe el Prudente), his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake Philippine Islands. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. The expression "The empire on which the sun never sets" was coined during Philip's time to reflect the extent of his possessions.
During Philip's reign there were separate state bankruptcies in 1557, 1560, 1575, and 1596. This was partly the cause for the declaration of independence which created the Dutch Republic in 1581. A devout Catholic, Philip is also known for organizing a huge naval expedition against Protestant England in 1588, known usually as the Spanish Armada, which was unsuccessful, partly due to storms and grave logistical problems.
Philip was described by the Venetian ambassador Paolo Fagolo in 1563 as "slight of stature and round-faced, with pale blue eyes, somewhat prominent lip, and pink skin, but his overall appearance is very attractive." The Ambassador went on to say "He dresses very tastefully, and everything that he does is courteous and gracious."[
•Born: 7 September 1533 at Greenwich Palace
•Parents: Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
•Ascended to the throne: 17 November 1558 aged 25 years
•Crowned: 15 January 1559 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Never Married
•Died: 24 March 1603 at Richmond Palace, Surrey, aged 69 years
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: her 3rd cousin James of Scotland
During her reign great adventurers discovered many new lands. Fought off the Spanish Armada.
Named James VI of Scotland her heir, uniting the two countries Scotland and England.