Civil War 1861 - 1865

Main

Lincoln vs. McClellan

1864

The copperheads run a smear campaign against lincoln and nearly one but due to shermans success lincoln wins by a small margin.

Freedman's Bureau Bill

1865

The freed slave get 40 acres each and a mule

Black codes

1865

There are laws to control the blacks such as no right to gather, go out at night, if no work must work. These are from the southern states. Looks like the southerners are reinstating slavery angering the northerners

Civil Rights Bill

1866

Citizenship for the slaves

Radicals control Congress

1866

Radicals believe in the equality of african americas and with 2/3 of congress could go over the presidents head. Create the 14th and 15th amendment and require the south to ratify these to join the union.

Andrew Johnson vetoes the Freedman's Bureau

feb 1866

Jim Crow Laws

1876

Segregation

Disenfrachisation of the blacks right to vote
Poll Tax
Grandfather Clause
Literacy Test

1877 Compromise

1877

Crop-Lien System and Sharecropping

1877

Sharecropping
You work on someone elses land and give them half the crops you grow
Crop-Lien
You rent land and get seed and grow food and then you have to pay back the owners.

These two systems keep the blacks in the south on economic dependency

Compromise of 1877

1877

Democrats and Republicans meet to settle who gets into the presidency. The democrats agree to allow rutherford to take the presidency, but the military occupation of the south ceases.

Booker T. Washington vs. W.E.B Dubois

1877

1877 -1896 Washington was a black slave went to wayland penitentiary and then founded a college. Becomes a spokesman for the african american community. Philosophy was to go slow "Gradualism" and "Accomodationism = accept the fact that you are secondary citizens" wants the slaves must focus on self improvement that will win over white america.

1896 + W.E.B DuBois went to harvard and was the first black man to graduate. Really smart. Takes up the mantel from washington and tells the black community to agitate. He creates a newspaper called The Crisis which shows his views on the rights of black america. He uses it to report the different actions towards blacks around america. Founds the NAACP to advocate for rights. He is not able to reach the black community but he sets the foundation for future actions. He moves to Ghana after giving up.

Plessy vs. Ferguson

1896

Separate but equal does not infringe upon the 14th amendment.