Origins of the Cold War

Main

Atlantic Charter

August 1941

Meeting between Churchill and FDR off coast of Newfoundland

Tehran

November 1943

Moscow

1944

Churchill and Stalin %agreement

Second Front

May 1944

A Second Front would be opened in France

Czechoslovakia

1945 - 1948

a left-wing coalition was elected in 1945.   In 1948, the Communists banned all other parties and killed their leaders.

Albania

1945

Communists took power after the war without opposition

Romania

1945 - 1947

a left-wing coalition was elected in 1945; the Communists gradually took over control.

Bulgaria

1945

a left-wing coalition gained power in 1945; the Communists then executed the leaders of all the other parties.

Yalta

February 1945

Creation of United Nations

April 1945

Posdam

July 1945

Trinity Test

July 1945

Stalin already knew of the weapon's existence

Salami Tactics

1946 - 1947

Stalin ensured that Communists governments came to power in Eastern European countries

Stalin's Declaration of Cold War

February 9, 1946

Election speech

Churchill's Declaration of Cold War

March 5, 1946

"Iron Curtain" speech

Poland

1947

a coalition government took power in 1945, but Stalin arrested all the non-Communist leaders in 1945, and the Communists forced the other non-Communists into exile.

Hungary

1947

Stalin allowed elections in which the non-communists won a majority; however, some communists were elected. They began to demand that groups which opposed them should be banned. If not, it was suggested that the Russians would take over the country. The Communist leader Rakosi then got control of the police, started to arrest his opponents, and a brutal secret police unit. By 1947 Rakosi had complete control over Hungary.

East Germany

1949

Russians turned their zone of Germany into the German Democratic Republic in 1949.