The beginning of the Scientific Revolution, this was the Assumption that the mathematical laws governed nature and the universe. Also that the physical world could be known, managed, and shaped by the people.
Nicolaus Copernicus -- in 1543, he published a book which proposed a heliocentric model of the universe. This shows that Earth is one of the several planets circling the sun.
In 1543 -- Andreas Vesalius published an accurate book on the anatomy of the human.
1545-- French physician Ambroise Pare developed a new and better ointment for preventing infection. He developed new surgical techniques and introduced the use of artificial limbs. He invented several scientific instruments.
Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe -- He provided evidence that supported Copernicus’s theory.
Galileo Discovers Mountains On Moon
Galileo Galilei discovered mountains on the moon, four moons circling Jupiter and fiery spots on the sun with the newly invented Dutch telescope he made.
Kepler publishes his first two laws of planetarium motion.
Johannes Kepler -- Brahe’s assistant who supported Copernicus’s heliocentric view after calculating the orbits of planets around the sun.
Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes -- Each person devoted themselves to understand how truth is determined. They both rejected Aristotle's beliefs and Bacon stressed observation and experimentation. This was the beginning of the scientific method.
The existence of small capillary anastomoses between arteries and veins, were not discovered until 1661 by Marcello Malpighi.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek -- He is a Dutch inventory who perfected the microscope and became the first human to see microorganisms. 1676
In 1686 -- He made a book showing the laws of gravity and other workings of the universe.