The first flip book animation, patented by James Barnes Linnett with the name kineograph, came out in September 1868.
Charles-Émile Reynaud invented the praxinoscope in January 1877. To make it, strips of paper were placed on the inside of a circle and mirrors were placed on the outside of another circle inside the original. When the exterior circle is spun, the picture appears to be moving. The praxinoscope is an improved version of the zoetrope.
made by Louis Le Prince
one of the first mp cameras
used a single lens camera and Eastmans paper film
was not granted a patent for his single lens camera b/c of interfering patent.
granted a patent for his 16 lens camera that combined a motion picture camera with a projector
Albert E. Smith and J. Stuart Blackton = first people to use stop motion animation
1898 they created The Humpty Dumpty Circus (short animated film)
Arthur Marvin = first to use Arthur Conan Doyle's detective character in a short feature film.
show includes a detective so it is also considered the first detective film recorded.
running time of 30 seconds.
one of the first films that used stop-motion.
produced by J. Stuart Blackton in 1906.
film was released in 1908
considered one of the first fully animated films ever made made using 700 drawings
running time of only 2 minutes.
released in 1914 by Winsor McCay
not the first animated film
considered the first cartoon that had a character with an appealing personality.
made using keyframe animation
running time of 12 minutes.
first Disney film featuring Alice
black and white, silent film
running time of 12 minutes and 29 seconds.