Italian composer and singer of the transitional period between the Renaissance and Baroque styles, and is often called the inventor of opera. He wrote the first work to be called an opera today, Dafne (around 1597), and also the first opera to have survived to the present day, Euridice (1600).
The "lead" pencil (which contains no lead) was invented in 1564 when a huge graphite (black carbon) mine was discovered in England.
Monteverdi's work, often regarded as revolutionary, marked the transition from the Renaissance style of music to that of the Baroque period.
One of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods.
German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century along with Claudio Monteverdi.
Northern Italian composer of the early Baroque era, writing in the new concertato style.
The Thermometer was invented by Galileo Galilei in 1593. His thermometer consisted of water in a glass bulb; the water moved up and down the bulb as the temperature changed.
Italian virtuoso violinist and composer of the first half of the seventeenth century.
An opera by Jacopo Peri, with additional music by Giulio Caccini.
Madrigal by Claudio Monteverdi. Cruda Amarilli the first of the Fifth book of Madrigals.
Johann Carolus of Germany publishes the 'Relation', the first newspaper.
Hans Lippershey (1570?-1619) was a German-born Dutch lens maker who demonstrated the first refracting telescope in 1608, made from two lenses; he applied for a patent for this optical refracting telescope (using 2 lenses) in 1608, intending it for use as a military device.
Is a late Renaissance/early Baroque opera by Claudio Monteverdi, with a libretto by Alessandro Striggio.
Toccata piece (piano piece) by Girolamo Frescobaldi.
The earliest human-powered submarine invented by Cornelis Drebbel.
Sonata for violin and continuo by Biagio Marini
Florentine-born French composer who spent most of his life working in the court of Louis XIV of France. He is considered the chief master of the French baroque style.
Ricercare by Frescobaldi
Sacred concerto by Heinrich Schutz.
Is an Italian opera by Claudio Monteverdi in a prologue and three acts, with a libretto by Giovanni Francesco Busenello, which was first performed at the Teatro Santi Giovanni e Paolo in Venice during the 1643 carnival season.
Evangelista Torricelli invents the barometer.
Sacred concerto by Schutz
Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque era.
Christiaan Huygens develops the first functional pendulum clock based on the learnings of Galileo Galilei.
English composer. Although incorporating Italian and French stylistic elements into his compositions, Purcell's legacy was a uniquely English form of Baroque music.
Italian Baroque composer especially famous for his operas and chamber cantatas. He is considered the founder of the Neapolitan school of opera.
French musician, harpsichordist and composer.
French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist. He was known as Couperin le Grand ("Couperin the Great") to distinguish him from other members of the musically talented Couperin family.
The first reference to a candy cane is made. A candy cane turned upside down reveals the letter J, which many believe represents Jesus.
Nicknamed il Prete Rosso ("The Red Priest") because of his red hair, was an Italian Baroque composer, Catholic priest, and virtuoso violinist, born in Venice.
Trio Sonata by Correli
French composers and music theorists of the Baroque era. He replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of French opera and is also considered the leading French composer for the harpsichord of his time, alongside François Couperin.
German composer, organist, violinist, harpsichordist, and violist.
German-born British Baroque composer famous for his operas, oratorios, anthems and organ concertos.
Opera by Jean-Baptiste Lully. Critics in the 18th century regarded Armide as Lully's masterpiece.
Keyboard Suite written by Elizabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre.
An opera in a prologue and three acts, written by the English Baroque composer Henry Purcell with a libretto by Nahum Tate. A monumental work in Baroque opera, Dido and Aeneas is remembered as one of Purcell's foremost theatrical works.
Cantana by Alessandro Scarlatti
from L'estro harmonica. Violin concert written by Vivaldi.
Suite by Francois Couperin.
Organ prelude and Fugue by JS bach.
Chorale prelude written by JS Bach. Tune is in bar form.
commonly known simply as Giulio Cesare, is an Italian opera (dramma per musica) in three acts composed for the Royal Academy of Music by George Frideric Handel in 1724.
first opera by Jean-Philippe Rameau. It was premiered to great controversy by the Académie Royale de Musique at its theatre in the Palais-Royal in Paris on October 1, 1733.
dramatic oratorio in three acts written by George Frideric Handel with a libretto by Charles Jennens. Taken from the First Book of Samuel.