Judicial review was created meaning Supreme Court could now interpret the Constitution and declare laws unconstitutional
The Era of Good Feeling
1812 - 1824
This was when there was only one party- the Republicans. There was no conflict because there was only one opinion- hence why it was called Era of Good Feeling
Second Bank of US
1816 - 1828
Stabilized economy when the textile industry was booming and slavery was expanding thanks to the cotton gin. Would be later destroyed in the Bank War
American Colonization Society
Abolitionist group that had the idea to buy slaves and then send them back to Africa so they'd be free. Abe Lincoln supported this idea
1817 - 1818
Tensions with the Native Americans increased.
The US gained Florida from Spain because of the Adams-Onis Treaty
Jackson emerged in power
McCulloch v. Maryland case
The decision was that the National Bank is constitutional and states couldn't tax it. Also, federal power is greater than state power.
Jackson would later go against this case during the Bank War
1820 - 1830
Replaced the steamboat, linked the North to the West and created more sectional tensions with the South because they didnt have canals
Also known as the Compromise of 1820. Created the 36 30 Line which said all states above this line was free except for Missouri. Missouri was slave state and Maine was free and this kept the union balanced
The Lowell System
1820 - 1830
Women were put into factories and they were given their needs as long as they worked. They generally stayed in the factories until they got married
Americas first foreign policy and nationalism increased even though most nations ignored it
Election of 1824
Ended the Era of Good Feeling when John Quincy Adams became president with the help of Henry Clay. Jackson wrote the Corrupt Bargain claiming that Quincy Adams cheated and didn't deserve to be president.
The Bank War
Jackson came into office and vetoed the bank renewal charter claiming the Bank was unconstitutional because it was filled with elite and didn't represent the common man. This went openly against the McCullough v Maryland case.
The Removal Act
Issued by Jackson, Native Americans were forcibly removed and relocated west. Tensions with them continued to grow.
William Garrison published this newspaper wanting an immediate end to slavery. He was apart of the Anti Slavery Society- the most radical abolitionist group
Anti Slavery Society
Most radical abolitionist group that wanted an end to white supremacy
Trail of Tears
forcible removable of Indians to "Indian Territory" by Jackson. They went to modern-day Oklahoma
Invention of the Railroad
More convenient than the canal. Furthered sectionalism because again, the South didn't have as much railroads.
The idea that God wants America to spread their democratic ideals and superiority out west. This idea was coined by John L O'Sullivan
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
Douglass ran away to the North at the age of 21 and joined forces with abolitionist to write his story.
Native American Party emerged
known as the Know Nothings. They opposed any immigrants, especially the Irish, arguing that only Americans should rule the US
Claiming that alcohol creates crime, disorder, and poverty, prohibitionists took over. Mostly women were active in this movement because they believed men got violent when drunk and they wasted the family's money on alcohol
The Mexican War
1846 - 1848
James Polk instigated the war. Americans were coming into Texas (Mexican Territory) with their slaves even though Texas was free. Texas became independent state then joined the US
Prohibitted slavery in the new Mexican Territory
Declaration of Seneca Falls
A group of women met up to discuss their suffrage and the declaration was strongly influenced by the Declaration of Independence. Women said they were just as equal as men. Feminism was on the rise
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Ended the Mexican War. The US gained Texas for $15 million and the North hated it because they joined as a slave state. We also gained California and the 36 30 Line split it.
California Gold Rush
Gold was first discovered in 1848 and the mass came in 1849. The migrants were called the 49'ers. Chinese started the immigrate west for work and they were treated horribly
Comprimise of 1850
made by Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas broke it up into 4 different bills so they could get passed
1. Ended slave trade in DC
2. California is a free state
3. Popular sovereignty would be used in the new gained territory
4. Stricter fugitive slave laws
5. Texas gets their borders
Fugitive Slave Laws
Northerners had to turn in runaway slaves. "Bloodhound Bill" Southerners could go to the North and claim any black as their slave. Northerners were extremely angered and enraged.
Uncle Toms Cabin
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, she talks about the evils of slavery and for the first time, people began to empathize the system
After Bleeding Kansas when abolitionists were angry that Kansas wanted to be slave and Missourians came in to mess up their electorate. Sectional tensions grew when Kansas was slave and Nebraska was free
The Gadsen Purchase
Result of The TCRR. Buys land from Mexico for $10 million so the RR could go through the South
Stephen Douglas. Would it go through the North where it was too unorganized or the South that was too rocky?
John Brown, the most radical abolitionist, mutilated 5 pro-slavery settlers and displayed their bodies because "God told him to do it"
Douglass beat Lincoln for Illinois Senate but Lincoln creates his image for presidency
Raid at Harper's Ferry
John Brown gets 20 men, including slaves, to Harper's Ferry and they killed 7 and wounded 10. John Brown is captured and hanged for treason. He had many supporters
Election of 1860
Lincoln becomes president and starts the movement toward the Civil War