Early 19th century timeline


Nat Turner

1800 - 1831

led rebellion in Virginia on August 21, 1831 --> resulted in death of 60 whites and 200 black slaves (involved in rebellion)

known as Nat Turner Rebellion

William Lloyd Garrison

1805 - 1879

-best known for his abolitionist newspaper The Liberator
-founder of American Anti-slavery Society

Abe Lincoln

1809 - 1865

-Civil War
-Abolished slavery
-Douglas Debates
-elected president in 1860

Oregon Trail

1811 - 1840

-2000 mile long trail that stretched from the Missouri River to Oregon
-led to disputes with Mexico

Invention of the Steamboat


Invented by Eli Whitney

American Colonization Society


Robert Finley
primary vehicle to support the return of free African Americans to what was considered greater freedom in Africa

Missouri Compromise


Maine --> non-slave state (free state)
Missouri --> slave state
prohibited slavery in the Louisiana territory above the 36 30 parallel


Erie Canal

October 1825

connected Hudson river to Great Lakes --> increased new yorks wealth and economy

Andrew Jackson's Presidency

1829 - 1837

-removal act
-trail of tears
-President of the "common man"
-Spoil system
-"old Hickory"

Temperance (Prohibition)

1829 - 1930

Prohibition of selling and consuming of alcohol, amendment was amended by another amendment

Removal Act of 1830


Jackson approved this act in 1830. He removed the Indians from their territory and forced them along the Trail of Tears where most of them died. The Cherokee Indians started with 15000 members and 4000 of them died.

Trail of Tears

1830 - 1842

choctaws 1830
Seminoles 1835-1842
Cherokee 1838 (winter)

American Anti-slavery Society

1833 - 1870

abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan.

Panic of 1837

1837 - 1843

Martin Van Buren --> President at the time
caused by economic expansion from 1834-1836

Native American Party

1837 - 1854

Known as "know nothing" party

Frederick Douglass


after he escaped slavery
-1848 wrote Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave
-became leader of abolitionist movement

Seneca Falls

1840 - 1920

demand for suffrage until 1920
1848 there was a two-day convention

German and Irish Immigration

1840 - 1860



improved communication

Samuel F.B. Morse


Invented telegraph

California Gold Rush

1848 - 1855

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

February 1848

treaty between Mexico and US that ended the Mexican War

$15million for everything above Rio Grande
Polk wanted all of this territory

Compromise of 1850

September 1850

four-year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War (1846–1848)
Five bills passed in 1850
avoided secession or civil war and reduced sectional conflict for four years
Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas

Republican Party


one of the two major political parties in the US today

Lincoln-Douglas Debates


total of 7 debates
main issue was slavery

Transcontinental Railroad


The railroad was constructed between 1863 and 1869

It was 1907 miles long. Stretched from San Francisco Bay to the existing Eastern U.S. rail network at Council Bluffs, Iowa, on the Missouri River