Financial Crisis forces King Louis XVI to appeal to the Parlement of Paris
Description: Rising debt in France causes King Louis XVI to appeal to the Parlement of Paris to join in a reform of the financial system.
Who: King Louis XVI and Parlement of Paris
Where: Paris, France
Why is this Event Important: This causes the king to go into a deep depression, and
Parlement rioters and royal troops to clash.
What are the effects of the Event: Since control was not taken, the situation got worse.
Other Causes and “Sparks” that ignited the French Revolution
July 13, 1788
Description: A hailstorm hit and killed humans, animals, and crops.
When: July 13, 1788
Who: The people of France
Why is this Event Important: This caused crops to be damaged
What are the effects of the Event: This causes more debt, higher taxes, and higher
bread prices throughout France
Joseph Emmanuel Seyes publishes What is the Third Estate?
Description: A book written by Seyes talking about the Third estate, and its importance
to the world.
When: January 1789
Who: Written by Seyes, addressed mainly to the third estate, provoking the 1st and
Where: In France
Why is this Event Important: It was one of the documents that helped inspire the
What are the effects of the Event: The 1st and 2nd estates ending up getting mad, the
3rd estate ended up fighting for their freedom
Rise of the Paris Commune and the Sans-Culottes
1789 - 1795
Description: Paris Commune was the government of Paris during the French Revolution from 1789-1795. Sans-Culottes were the radical left-wing partisans of the lower classes.
Who: Partisans and Government
Why is this Event Important: In 1792, the Paris Commune refused to take orders from
the central French Government. The San-Culottes was one of the first working
class groups that incorporated both a political stance and a social condition.
Louis XVI calls the Estates-General into session
May 5, 1789
Description: Louis called the Estates-General to convene to represent the French estates of the realm; First meeting since 1614
When: May 5, 1789
Who: Louis XVI, Clergy, Nobles, and Third Estate
Why is this Event Important: It was to come up with a solution to the financial problem
What are the effects of the Event: The Estates-General fell apart when many members
of the Third Estate formed the National Assembly.
The Great Fear
June 1789 - August 1789
Description: Peasants rebellions due to hatred they had for the landholding system’s
fees and obligations.
When: June 1789-August 1789
Who: The Third Estate- Peasants
Why is this Event Important: 1st and 2nd Estate feared the 3rd Estate
What are the effects of the Event: The 1st and 2nd Estates began to listen to the 3rd
Estate so that the pandemonium would stop
3rd Estate declares itself the National Assembly
June 17, 1789
Description: The Third Estate changed their name to the National Assembly and
created a constitution.
When: June 17, 1789
Who: The Third Estate
Why is this Event Important: Third Estate showed their views that France was a divided nation since not everyone abided by the same rules and laws.
What are the effects of the Event: Renaming the 3rd Estate, and creating a new
constitution shows that they were creating a more united nation.
Tennis Court Oath
June 20, 1789
Description: People of the Third Estate arrived at the meeting place and found the
doors locked, so they moved to meeting at the Tennis courts until they could
create the Constitution.
When: June 20, 1789
Who: The Third Estate
Why is this Event Important: Even though the 3rd Estate was forced out for it’s usual
meeting place they were still determined to gain equality by writing the
What are the effects of the Event: The National Assembly was heard and they got
their wish for equality because they were able to finish the Constitution.
Storming of Bastille
July 14, 1789
Description: Mob of Parisians storms Bastille; Common people saved the 3rd Estate
When: July 14, 1789
Who: The Parisians; 3rd Estate
Where: Paris, France (Fortress of Bastille)
Why is this Event Important: This lead the the royals authority to collapse because
Louis XVI no longer trusted them.
What are the effects of the Event: The royal troops Louis XVI could no longer use
force against the Third Estate.
The Night of August 4
August 4, 1789
Description: National Assembly decided to issue a Declaration on the rights of man
before issuing a new constitution.
When: August 4, 1789
Who: National Assembly
Why is this Event Important: Nobles agreed to abandon their feudal rights, privileges,
and rights of tax exemption and the tithe tax
What are the effects of the Event: Ended “The Feudal Order”
National Assembly adopts Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
August 26, 1789
Description: The National Assembly Adopts the Declaration
When: August 26, 1789
Who: National Assembly
Why is this Event Important: The document states that all men should have rights; this
was the main thing that the National Assembly/Third Estate was trying to
What are the effects of the Event: The French Revolution was starting to calm down
and come to a close; Equality was a main factor in the French Revolution
5 October 1789
SAME THING AS WOMANS MARCH TO VERSAILLES
Women’s March on Versailles
5 October 1789
When: morning of 5 October 1789
Who:Women of Paris
Where: From Paris to Versailles then back
Why is this Event Important: symbolized a new balance of power that displaced the ancient privileged orders of the French nobility and favored the nation's common people, collectively termed the Third Estate. Bringing together people representing disparate sources of the Revolution in their largest numbers yet, the march on Versailles proved to be a defining moment of that Revolution.
What are the effects of the Event: ended the independent authority of the king
Flight to Varennes
20 June 1791 - 21 June 1791
Description: to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution. They desired to hide in Austria due to Marie's heritage, and hoped they would find safety in their newly found French Austrian agreement. Their escape only led them as far as the small town of Varennes, where they were recognized and immediately arrested.
When: 20/21 June 1791
Who: Louis XIV, wife Marie Antoinette, and family
Where: Escape from Paris to Austria
Why is this Event Important: The incident was a turning point after which popular hostility towards the French monarchy as an institution, as well as towards the king and queen as individuals, became much more pronounced. The king's attempted flight provoked the charges of treason which ultimately led to his execution in 1793.
What are the effects of the Event: The flight only got them arrested in Varennes
National Assembly sets up new Constitution of 1791
3 September 1791
Description: Redefining the organization of the French government, citizenship and the limits to the powers of government
When: 3 September 1791
Who: National Assembly
Why is this Event Important: to establish popular soverignty
What are the effects of the Event: Redefining the organization of the French government, citizenship and the limits to the powers of government
Conflict between the Mountain and the Girondins in the National Convention
1792 - 1795
Description: Both Factions wanted control over the National Convention
Who: Girondins and the Mountainists
Why is this Event Important: Argued for the execution of the King
What are the effects of the Event: This conflict eventually led to the fall of the Girondists and their mass execution, the beginning of the Reign of Terror
Rise to the Jacobins, Robespierre, and Georges Danton
Description: Georges Danton was the chief that overthrew the monarchy
When: September 1792
Who: Jacobins Robespierre and Georges Danton
What are the effects of the Event: Rose to prominence after the monarchy was
Impact of the Emigres and war against Austria
April 20, 1792
Description: Austria had to wage a war against France when the Paris mob imprisoned the king. At the same time several emigres of France settled in Austria and Prussia.Austria had to wage a war against France when the Paris mob imprisoned the king. At the same time several emigres of France settled in Austria and Prussia.
When: April 20, 1792
Who: Frenchmen and Austrians
Why is this Event Important:
What are the effects of the Event:
National Conventions declare France a republic
September 22, 1792
Description: The National Conventions declare France a Republic, and the Constitution created in 1791 is demolished( ended due to the rise of Napoleon)
When: September 22, 1792
Who: National Convention and
Why is this Event Important: France was no longer under the Control of a monarchy. ;The Scrapped Constitution got rid of a limited monarchy
What are the effects of the Event: Napoleon rose to power and Louis XVI began to fall.
King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette executed/ monarchy abolished
21 January 1793
Description: Majority voted that King Louis and Marie Antoinette were guilty from their arrest, therefore they were executed
When: 21 January 1793
Who: King Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette
Where: The Convention in Paris
Why is this Event Important: Since they were dead, the corrupt monarchy was abolished
What are the effects of the Event: No more monarchy