Creation of a Nation

Main

Articles of Confederation

March 1, 1781
  • The Articles of Confederation were the first form of government for the colonies.
  • Colonies would remain separate and independent   - They would keep their sovereignty   - Banded together to form a cohesive defense   - States could have their own governments

Shay's Rebellion

August 1786 - June 1787
  • Massachusetts farmers rebellion against foreclosures on property

Causes: Economic depression, Aggressive tax and debt collection, State fiscal policy
Goals: Reform of state government, later its overthrow
Result: Rebellion crushed, and problems linked to the Articles of Confederation spur consideration of a new constitution

Annapolis Conference

September 11, 1786 - September 14, 1786

The convention met from September 11 ~ 14, 1786.
The conference was called to discuss how to fix the government to avoid another revolution.
- States were in debt
- Taxes too high - Shay's Rebellion
- Interstate commerce a mess
- Foreign trade problems

Great Compromise(Connecticut Compromise)

1787

Outcomes of the Constitutional Convention:
- Hybrid of VA and NJ Plans:
Bicameral legislature:
- House of Reps based on population
- Senate based upon equal representation

Virginia Plan

May 29, 1787

Outcomes of the constitutional Convention:
- Separation of powers
- Bicameral legislature based on population
- Federal government had increased powers

New Jersey Plan

June 15, 1787

Outcomes of the Constitutional Convention:
- Unicameral legislature where every state received equal representation

Northwest Territory Act (Northwest Ordinance)

July 13, 1787
  • allowed new states into the union

The United States Constitution

September 17, 1787

It created on September 17, 1787. "Constitutional Convention"
It was ratified June 21, 1788. It written in the Philadelphia State House. Not that building is called "The Independence Hall". There were 55 Delegates who drafted that constitution. And it can be seen in Washington, D.C.