People and concepts to know
Three types of reciprocity.
- 1. Balanced reciprocity: market trade, tit-for-tat
- 2. Generalized reciprocity: There is no acknowledged pricing mechanism and no explicit demands for returning gifts, but rules are known
- 3. Negative reciprocity: economic deception, where benefits are reaped without paying the cost.
Distinguishes between opinion and doxa. Free choices are not illusory, but integrated factors restrict them.
Local community vs anonymous large-scale society. Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft.
Cultural materialism. Social life is response to practical problems of existence.
Culture = “complex whole which includes capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society”
Established kinship as distinct domain
Societies are far from integrated equilibrium. Criticized definition of marriage in alliance.
The more energy a group or society exploited for its own ends, the higher it was placed on the evolutionary ladder.
Those two guys who took the word "culture" way too seriously.
Darwinist view of societal progression.