Two sides: Federalists(Pro-Constitution), Anti-Federalists(Anti-Constitution)
Represented by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
Alexander Hamilton: NORTHERNER
"The passions of men will not conform to the dictates of reason without constraints"
Article. I. (Necessary and Proper Clause)
"To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof"
Article. VI. (Supremacy Clause)
"This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding."
Represented by Thomas Jefferson: SOUTHERNER
Uses arguments by John Locke
Article. V. (The Elastic Clause)
"The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution."
AmendmentX(Reserved Powers - States' Rights)
"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people"