Ancient and Classical Civilizations

Main

Beginning of the Neolithic revolution

8000 BCE

Discovery of metal tools

4000 BCE

Beginning of the Classical Era

800 bc

End of Classical Era

200 bc

Life of Jesus Christ

7 bc - 33 ad

Middle East

Mesopotamia civilization established

3500 bce

Introduction of iron

1500 BCE

Achaemenid Persian Empire

550 bc - 330 bc

Persian conquest of Phoenicia

539 bc

Mediterranean

Ancient Egypt civilization established

3000 BCE

Rise of Greece

800 bc - 600 bc

Homer writes the Odyssey and the Iliad

700 bc

Roman Republic

509 bc

Peak of Greece

470 bc - 430 bc

Philip of Macedonia's conquest of Greece

339 bc

Alexander the Great's conquests

335 bc - 326 bc

Hellenistic period

323 bc - 31 bc

Fall of Greece

146 bc

Julius Caesar's rule

46 bc - 44 bc

Caesar Augustus's rule

31 bc - 14 ad

Roman Empire

27 bc - 393 ad

Roman Empire begins to decline

180 ce

Reign of Constantine

306 - 337

Constantine adopts Christianity

313

Roman Empire falls

476

China

Chinese Shang civilization established

1600 bce

Zhou dynasty

1100 bc - 221 bc

Qin dynasty

221 bc - 206 bc

Han dynasty

206 bc - 220 ad

India

Indus River Valley civilization established

2600 bce

Vedic Age

1500 bc - 500 bc

Rise of Buddhism

500 bc

Mauryan classical era

322 bc - 185 bc

Ashoka's rule

269 bc - 232 bc

Gupta classical civilization

320 - 550

Americas & Oceania

Olmec civilization established

1400 BCE

Olmec civilization spreads

1400 bc - 400 bc

Polynesians reach Fiji and Samoa

1200 bc

Growth of Mayan civilization

1000 bc - 900 ad

Chavin civilization established

900 BCE

Chavin civilization

900 bc - 200 bc

Establishment of Teotihuacan

150 bc

Moche civilization

200 - 700

Polynesians reach Hawaii

300 ad