Ancient and Classical Civilizations (Copy)

Middle East

Neolithic Revolution

8000 bc

Discovery of metal tools

4000 bc

Egyptian civilization established

3100 bc

Introduction of Iron

1500 bc

Mediterranean

Rise of Greece

700 bc

Homer writes Iliad and Odyssey

700 bc

Achaemenid Persian Empire

550 bc - 330 bc

Persian conquest of Phoenicia

539 bc

Roman Republic

509 bc - 27 bc

Fall of Greece

450 bc

Alexander the Great's empire

338 bc - 323 bc

Philip of Macedonia conquers Greece

338 bc

Hellenistic Period

300 bc - 100 bc

Rule of Julius Caesar

49 bc - 44 bc

Roman Empire

27 bc - 476

Rule of Augustus Caesar

27 bc - 14 ad

Life of Jesus Christ

4 ad - 30 ad

Decline - death of Marcus Aurelius

180 - 476

Reign of Constantine

312 - 337

Constantine adopts Christianity

313