The Health of Towns Association was formed in the United Kingdom in 1844 to deliberate on Edwin Chadwick's reports about poor living conditions in towns and cities.
Southwood Smith, member of the British Board of Health, formed The Health of Towns Association. A few years later Smith helps reformers in the US by lending support to the Great American Congresses for Hygiene Reform held in Philadelphia, Baltimore and Boston.
April 7 is also World Health Day
The Lalonde report – A new perspective on the health of Canadians in Canada. The report marked the shift from a medical focus to an examination of determinants in four, health “fields:” lifestyle, health care organization, human biology and the environment.
Congressman Tim Lee Carter
Senator Edward M. Kennedy
"National Consumer Health Information and Health Promotion
Act of 1976":http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/STATUTE-90/pdf/STATUTE-90-Pg695.pdf
"A combination of health education and related organizational, political and economic programs designed to support changes in behavior and in the environment that will improve health."
(Green, L.W. National policy in the promotion of health. International Journal of Health Education, 22, 161-168.
Promoting Health/Preventing Disease (HHS)
Objectives for the Nation
Established "specific and quantifiable objectives necessary for the attainment" of the goals set forth in the 1979 Healthy People report.
The fundamental conditions and resources for health are:
Improvement in health requires a secure foundation in these basic prerequisites.
Five Action Areas:
* Building healthy public policy
* Creating supportive environments
* Strengthening community action
* Developing personal skills
* Re-orientating health care services toward prevention of illness and promotion of health
Started at a meeting in Lisbon of 21 European Cities.
WHO defines a Healthy City as "one that is continually developing those public policies and creating those physical and social environments which enable its people to mutually support each other in carrying out all functions of life and achieving their full potential".
The Jakarta Declaration included the following five "priorities for health promotion in the 21st century":
The declaration recognizes that:
HHS Healthy People Final Report
A food and beverage industry coalition formed to battle obesity is set to launch here this morning. Called the Healthy Weight Commitment Foundation, its objective is to reduce obesity, especially in children aged 6 to 11, by 2015.
More than 235 retailers, food and beverage manufacturers, restaurants, sporting goods and insurance companies, trade associations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and professional sports organizations.
HHS Healthy People 2010
The Declaration of Alma-Ata was adopted at the International Conference on Primary Health Care (PHC), Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), Kazakhstan (formerly Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic), 6-12 September 1978. It expressed the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all people.
It was the first international declaration underlining the importance of primary health care.
Annual Meeting of the American College Health Association