History of Ancient Israel

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Biblical Date of the Exodus

1450 BCE

Decline in Canaanite City-States

1200 BCE

Saul's Reign

1049 BCE - 1006 BCE

Reign of King David

1005 BCE - 970 BCE

Divided Monarchy

925 BCE - 722 bce

Jeraboam I becomes first king of Israel

Omride Dynasty

885 BCe - 843 BCE

Omri —> Ahab

Josiah's Reign

639 BCE - 609 BCE

Babylonian Exile

586 BCE - 539 BCE

Destruction of Jerusalem —> Cyrus II ends exile

Secondary Events

Egypt controls Canaan

1500 BCE - 1200 BCE

Alternative Date for Exodus

1250 BCE


1005 BCE

Saul’s son who wants to be king


1000 BCE - 900 BCE

David’s Prophet; foretold the collapse of David’s kingdom after he had the affair with Bathsheba


900 BCE - 800 BCE

Omride Princess; Marraige Alliance


900 BCE - 800 BCe

Prophet; ended the Omride dynasty


843 BCE - 800 BCE

elijahs successor


843 bce - 800 bce

Jehu defeats Omrides (but is a weak king himself)

Hosea, Amos and Isaiah

800 BCE - 700 BCE

Hosea and Amos were more criquers of social stuff; Isaiah was the PROPHET

Syro-Ephramitic Alliance

735 BCE


734 BCe - 727 BCE

King of Judah; Isaiah told him to stick with Assyria, thus Judah was saved

Sennacherib Campaign Against Babylon

705 BCE

Sennacherib was an Assyrian Prince

Josiac Reforms

622 BCE

Nebachudnezzer II's Reign

605 BCE - 562 BCE

Responsible for the destruction of temple and exile of Judah

Second Temple Rebuilt

516 BCE

Constructed after Cyrus released Jews from Exile in Babylon


480 BCE - 444 BCE

• Led a group of exilees back to Jerusalem, only to discover that the Jerusalemites had been marrying foreign women
• She condemned them


Amarna Letters

1350 BCE

Merneptah Stele

1207 BCE

Monolith (Shalmaneser III) Inscription

853 bce

Mesha Inscription

840 BCE

Hazael/ Tel-Dan Inscription

790 BCE