History of Journalism

Main

Historical records, Business records, Records of accomplishment

10,000 BC

Historical records, Business records, Records of accomplishment

Development of stamps, seals and engraved objects to denote ownership

4500 BC

Sumerians

3500 BC

Sumerians devise system for preserving records; signs and symbols pressed into wet clay tablets and baked in the sun.

Mediterranean wood and stone carvings

1500 BC

Development of Papyrus

500 BC

Egyptians used reeds found along Nile river; rolled into scrolls became portable

Acta Diurna ( acts of The day)

59 BC

First systematic attempt to collect and distribute information.

Velum

100 Ad

Animal skin parchment developed and was called velum; Chinese develop,paper from wood pulp

Chinese information gathering

750 AD - 1911

Chinese developed longest continuing information program on record.

Oldest Preserved Book

868 AD

China the eldest preserved book printed with wood block printing

Wood Block Printing

1295 AD

Wood Block printing begins in Europe.

Printing Press

1450

Gutenberg invents the printing press.

William Caxton

1476

William Caxton exported first printing press to Europe

Every Major city in Europe has printing press

1490

Every major city in Europe has printing press; people think for themselves and share knowledge.

John Smith

1607

Jamestown settlement; published news from Virginia

Pilgrims

1620

Pilgrims came to Plymouth

Massachusetts Bay Colony

1630

"Cradle of American Journalism" established Harvard University; established grammar school.

Cambridge, Massachusetts

1638

First press in colonies

John Milton

1644

Published Areopagitica; best known of the great plans for a free press.

Great Fire of London

1666

First advertising messages

Political Unrest

1670

"Publick Occurances"

1690

Benjamin Harris; first American newspaper. Lasted one issue and was banned

Boston Newsletter

1704

First continuous newspaper; John Campbell

Boston Gazette

1719

William Broular

Cato's Letters

1720

Theories of liberty, freedom of expression; in great demand in the Colonies. Influenced revolution

New England Courant

1721

Actually gave readers what they wanted

New England Weekly

1727

Pennsylvania Gazette

1729

Ben Franklin

Zenger Trial

1735

Journals

1750

Most Americans have access to some journal of information

Stamp Act

1765

Townsend Acts

1767

Boston Tea Party

1770

Isiah Thomas

1770

Editor, Massachusetts spy; leader of underground movement

Rivington

1773

New York Gazettier

American Revoloution

1775

Shot heard 'round the world

4/19/1775

Declaration of Independence

1776

Thomas Paine

1776

Common sense; crisis papers; voice of the Revoloution

Congress votes to become independent nation

7/2/1776

Articles of Confederation

1781 - 1788

General Cornwallis surrenders

10/17/1781

Treaty of Paris

1783

Pennsylvania Enemy Post

1783

First daily newspaper

Pittsburg Post Gazette

1786

First paper west of Appalachian Mountains

Federalist Papers

1787

Most important editorial campaign in American history; supported constitution 85 articles written by various important leaders

French Revoloution

1789

First Amendment

1791

Gallery for reporters

1795

Sedition Act

1798

Sedition Act

1798

Alien Act

1798

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Niles' weekly negotiator

1811

Modern news magazine

War of 1812

1812

We began to see government reporting of war

Legal Notices

1814

Government pays for notices; kept papers a float

Rise of labor unions

1820

Congressional Record

1873

National News Service

1967

Federal finds to establish national news service

Rise of CNN

1970 - 1980

Nixon resigns

4/8/1974

"Network"

1977

Camp David Accords

1979

Spanish Influence In American Journalism

Mexico City

1536

Spanish brought printing press to the Americas

Guatemala

1541

Oldest preserved report of current event; storm and earthquake

Lima

1618

First frequent monthly publication

Mexico

1722

First regular periodical

European influence in American Journalism

Germany

1609

Oldest known preserved copy of regularly published news sheet

Newsletters

1610 - 1661

News sheets in various forms appear all over Europe.

Frankfurter (Germany)

1616

First daily news paper in the world.

Stockholm

1645

Oldest known continuously running newspaper

English Influence in American Journalism

Star Chamber Court

1529

Henry VIII takes control of the press; set up licensing, taxation, privy council.

London

1621

Prototype of modern newspaper; foreign news.

Diurnals

1628

Published parliament news

Licensing act

1679

Parliament allows licensing act of 1662 to lapse; ending prior restraint

William and Mary

1688

Revoloution

Daily Courant

1702

First daily newspaper printed in English language; Samuel Buckley insisted on standard of Journalism.