Socials 8 Historical events during 600 - 1500 AD Timeline

Society and Culture

Charlemagne becomes Emperor

768

As ruler of the Franks, Charlemagne unifies nearly all Christian lands of Europe into a single empire. In December of 800 Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo the 3rd. He converted even his enemies to Christianity.

The Vikings First Raid

793

The Vikings made their first raid in Lindisferne, England. The Vikings used shallow longships which helped them attack quickly and surprise their enemy. This was the start of the Viking Age.

Charlemagne Dies

814

Charlemagne dies. (He is also known as Charles the Great)

Vikings attack Paris

855

The Vikings attack Paris.

The Norman Conquest

1066

William invaded and conquered England. William bought feudalism from France to England. They fought the battle of hastings. William became King of England.

Growth of Towns

1066

1066-1350 Britians population tripled during this time. Feudal society began and foreign invasions ended. Food production grew. Forests were being cleared and more land was used for food.

The First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Knights and peasants from many nations of Western Europe travelled to Constantinople then to Jerusalem killing many Muslims, Christians and Jews.http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSdO42lRlj9wtDvhXRmIguPAgTM5Igm2w28gTXKhBEcxSTyLyr5

The Guild were Established

1170

The Guild set standards and protected their members (like our modern labour unions). This provided fair pricing and quality of workmanship which protected the consumer and the maker. The guild protected the workers with proper working conditions and work hours were regulated.

The Magna Carta

1215

King John of England was forced to sign the Magna Carta. This gave basic rights to the people and declared that the King was not above the law. http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTKot3OusFsDRkgZPWujrwoq90nm6chOkG5K2WQ4T6ul_7_H8aT

CHANGING HISTORY WITHOUT GUN POWDER

1250 - 1300

Chinese chemists mixed together a combination of saltpeter, charcoal and potassium nitrate that would form the explosive and powerful powder called gunpowder. Gunpowder was soon used as a powerful additive in explosive weaponry. This was brought to Europe through the silk trade route in the 13th century. This brought a totally new concept in warfare that is still widely used in armies and terrorism today. Guns, muskets and cannons could be used to conquer fortresses and the new world. Without the use of gunpowder our world would be completely different today. So, take away gunpowder and what would have changed in history. Fighters would only have swords, spears and arrows. This would have made taking over lands and empires next to impossible.

The Black Death

1347 - 1351

This plague reached Europe after sweeping across Asia. This disease killed half of Europe's population.The aftermath of this plague caused huge upheavals in religious, social and economic times. it over over 150 years for Europe's population to recover. http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSSUtDl5xLNb8AxNWqX7vQA0yvKFrrxx45Xku0FJhhJUTnKTKuENw

Joan of Arc burnt at the stake

1431

Joan of Arc is burnt at the stake. She helped france become a nation. She was only nineteen years old.

Inventions

Inventions during the Middle Ages

The Plough Was Used

600

The heavy plough was used to work the lands. This helped with more food production and helped the population increase. This tool made significant changes The clay in the soil could be turned over much easier..http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQrYFjuCE6TnF9Io0BWGLshCdALBFS0c_aGGV9ycnFZR8MA1MiCsw

The Longsword

1200

The Longswords were used. They had longer blades and easier grips for two hands to hold it. They would give fearce cuts and gave fighters good reach. These longswords were mostly used in the middle and late medival period.

Art and Archtecture

Famous artists and styles of architecture

Romanesque Architecture

800

This period of architecture had lots of stone, arches and the barrel vaults.

Gothic Architecture

1200

From 1200-1500 This style of architecture featured stained glass windows, gargoyles and pointed arches. http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS1Z1JV7sMUGlbJMMpgHjQgAaeqa0-o1iAVh-2TDvRz8KXmjmHW

Oil paint was introduced

1360

Oil paint was introduced to the world of Art.

Leonardo Da Vinci

1482

Leonardo Da Vinci paints "The last Supper"

Leonardo DaVinci paints the Mona Lisa

1503

Leonardo DaVinci paints the famous Mona Lisa.

Michelangelo paints at the Sistine Chapel

1512

Michelangelo finished painting the entire ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome.