Devorah Leah, R. Shenur Zalmans daughter, was Menechem Mnedels mother, meaning he was the Alter Rebbes grandson.
-Soon to marry Reb Gershons sister, Chana.
-The exact dates are unknown but Chana & the Besht had a daughter named Odelle and 15 years later had a son named Tzvi Hersh.
The Baal Shemtov asked" When will Moshiach come?!" and he was answered " When the wellsprings of Chassidas are spread!!"
When Schneur Zalman reached the age of three years, his father, Rabbi Baruch, took him to the Baal Shem Tov for the traditional haircutting ceremony. That was the only time that Rabbi Schneur Zalman saw the Baal Shem Tov in his life, though he was fifteen years old when the Baal Shem Tov passed away. It was the Baal Shem Tov’s wish that Rabbi Schneur Zalman should find his own way of Chassidus.
R. Yehuda Leib Segal, a wealthy scholar from the city of Vitebsk, heard of the young prodigy and sought him out as his prospective son-in-law. Rabbi Schneur Zalman was fifteen years old when he married Sterna, R. Yehuda Leib’s daughter. She proved to be a worthy mate, who stood by him throughout his lifetime. As was the custom in those days, the young couple was fully supported by the wife’s father for several years, so that the young scholar could dedicate all of his time to Torah study
He passed on the first day of Shavous.
“I knew that in Vilna one was taught how to study, and that in Mezeritch one could learn how to pray. To study I was somewhat able, but of prayer I knew very little. So I went to Mezeritch.”
Rabbi Schneur Zalman was part of the group. But when the caravan reached the city of Mohilev on the Dniester River (Mohyliv-Podilskyi), Rabbi Menachem Mendel—whom Rabbi Schneur Zalman regarded as his teacher and mentor after the Maggid’s passing—instructed him to remain behind to serve as the leader of the chassidic community in White Russia and Lithuania. Subsequently, Rabbi Schneur Zalman retained close ties with the chassidic settlers in the Holy Land and labored to raise funds for their support.
Edicts of excommunication, issued in the influential cities of Vilna, Minsk and Shklov, were publicized everywhere, inciting the population to persecute members of the chassidic “cult.” In response, Rabbi Schneur Zalman arranged for a debate to be convened, and there he vindicated the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov and the chassidic way of life. The debate was a momentous occasion, and many erudite young scholars joined the ranks of the chassidim.
3 days after Mnechem Mendels birthday she passes on & her father, The Alter Rebbe helps raise and educate him.
In Tishrei of the year 5559 (1798), Rabbi Schneur Zalman was arrested and taken under guard to St. Petersburg. He was held for 53 days, while the czarist authorities investigated charges by R. Schneur Zalman’s opponents that the chassidic movement he led threatened the imperial authority of the czar. On the 19th of Kislev he was released by express order of the czar, and the chassidic movement was vindicated. Until today, the 19th of Kislev is celebrated as the Rosh Hashanah of Chassidism. In a letter addressed to his followers, Rabbi Schneur Zalman thanked G‑d for “the many kindnesses done with us,” and commanded them to retain a humble attitude towards their opponents, “acting with a mild spirit and soft reply” in the hope that “perhaps G‑d will place in their hearts a response in kind.”
Just a few years after the first arrest, the old charges were revived, and Rabbi Schneur Zalman was recalled to St. Petersburg for further investigations. He was detained there for longer than on the first occasion, but under much better conditions. In the later stage of his detention, he was even allowed to deliver chassidic discourses to groups of his followers. The assassination of Czar Paul I occurred while R. Schneur Zalman was imprisoned in St. Petersburg. Two weeks after his installation as the new czar, Alexander I issued a command to release R. Schneur Zalman.
In the summer of 1807 Sarah, the granddaughter of R. Schneur Zalman, married Eliezer, the grandson of R. Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev. The wedding was attended by R. Schneur Zalman, R. Levi Yitzchak, and a great multitude of their respective followers. Zhlobin is a village in Belarus, midway between Babruysk (Babroisk) to the northwest and Gomel (Homil) to the southeast. It is also midway between Liadi to the north and Berditchev to the south.
He urged Jewish communities to organize trade schools where Jewish boys, especially of the poorer classes, would be able to learn a trade. He also called on his fellow-Jews to learn agricultural work, dairy farming, and the like, reminding them that once upon a time, when the Jewish people lived in their own land, they were a people of farmers, fruit growers and herdsmen. He urged that boys who did not show promise of becoming Torah scholars, should, after the age of thirteen, devote part of their time to the learning of a trade, or work in the fields, to help support the family.
He was released on the tenth of Kislev
He's the successor of R. Dov Ber.
Marries his niece, the daughter of his brother, Rabbi Chaim Schneur Zalman. His wife dies shortly therefater.
His new wife is Rebbetzin Rivka, granddaughter of the the Miteler Rebbe.
Besides instructing the Jews there in the study of the Torah and the fear of G-d in accordance with Chassidic teachings, he inspired them to rise to a high level of brotherly love, mutual help and generally high moral conduct.
During the twelve years from 1827-1839, Rabbi Menachem Mendel concentrated his efforts on communal activities in the field of material aid; the protection of Jewish children from kidnappers and their maintenance in safety, and spiritual help for the cantonists.
Rabbi Menachem Mendel devoted particular attention to the requirements of the Jewish conscripts in the Russian army. He ensured that there should be special representatives at every place where Jewish troops were stationed, with the specific aim of concerning themselves with the troops' moral conduct. These representatives were to encourage the soldiers and strengthen them from falling into the traps of conversion to Christianity laid for them by eager missionaries.
Rabbi Menachem Mendel also worked for the support of needy Torah scholars studying at the Yeshivahs and advanced institutes of learning.
Married his cousin Rebbetzin Shterna Sara after the close of Shabbat, on the 11th of the Jewish month of Elul
On Elul 13 at the age of seventeen, Rabbi Joseph I. Schneersohn married Nehamah Dinah, the daughter of Rabbi Abraham Schneersohn, a prominent man of great scholarship and piety (and the grand-daughter of the Tzemach Tzedek)
He was arrested four times by the Czarist police.
During the Russo-Japanese war he sent kosher food to the russian army.
After Shabbat ends, of the Torah reading of Vayikra, eve of Sunday, 2 Nissan (the 21st of March), at 3:30 a.m., he passes away and is interred in Rostov, on the river Don.
He had one son, the sixth Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn
Rabbi Menachem Mendel married the sixth Rebbe's daughter, Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka, in Warsaw. (The Rebbetzin, born in 1901, was chosen by her father, the sixth Rebbe, to accompany him in his forced exile to Kostroma in 1927. For sixty years she was the Rebbe's life partner; she passed away on 22 Sh'vat in 1988.) He later studied in the University of Berlin and then at the Sorbonne in Paris. It may have been in these years that his formidable knowledge of mathematics and the sciences began to blossom.
" America is NOT different!"
Note that this is the same day that the Frediker rebbe passed away and only a year after is when the rebbe accepted leadership.