CHABAD HISTORY

Main

Cossacks rebellion on polish- killing jews (Sara and Eliezer survived)

1648

Shabti Tzvi - False Moshiach

1649 - 1655

Jews start to rebuild after such destruction and trauma

1655

18 of Elul- The Baal Shemtov- Reb Yisroel is born

1698 - 1760

The Alter Rebbe - Shenur Zalman of Liadi

1745 - 1801
  • He was the great grandson of the "Maharal of Prague".
  • He was the youngest disciple of the maggid.

9 of Kislev - Mitler Rebbe- R. Dov Ber born

1773

Erev Rosh Hashana - R. Menechem Mendel- Tzemech Tzedek born

1789

Devorah Leah, R. Shenur Zalmans daughter, was Menechem Mnedels mother, meaning he was the Alter Rebbes grandson.

2 of Iyar - The Maharash -R. Shmuel is born

1834

20 of Chesvan -Birth of Rebbe Reshab- R. Shalom Dov Ber

1860

12 of tammuz - R. Yosef Yitzchak -Frediker Rebbe is born

1880

11 of Nissan- Menechem Mendel Schneerson- Our Rebbe is born

1902

Events

Death of his parents - Eliezer & Sara

1703

Bar mitzvah- introduced to chassidas

1711

Became a hidden tzadik

1712

First marriage - widowed soon later

1716

Moved to Brody

1718

-Soon to marry Reb Gershons sister, Chana.
-The exact dates are unknown but Chana & the Besht had a daughter named Odelle and 15 years later had a son named Tzvi Hersh.

Revealed himself publicly

1734

Moved to Mezrich

1740

Famous vision:

1746

The Baal Shemtov asked" When will Moshiach come?!" and he was answered " When the wellsprings of Chassidas are spread!!"

Encounter with the Besht

1748

When Schneur Zalman reached the age of three years, his father, Rabbi Baruch, took him to the Baal Shem Tov for the traditional haircutting ceremony. That was the only time that Rabbi Schneur Zalman saw the Baal Shem Tov in his life, though he was fifteen years old when the Baal Shem Tov passed away. It was the Baal Shem Tov’s wish that Rabbi Schneur Zalman should find his own way of Chassidus.

Talent at a young age

1753
  • He was only 8 when he Composed a commentary on the Chumash, based on Eben Ezra, Rashi and Ramban.
  • Until he was 12 he studied under, Reb Issacher ber, in Lubavitch
  • At his bar mitzvah he earned the title of Rav after saying a maamor about rosh chodesh.

Chosen as delegate to help with Frankites

1759

Reb Shenur Zalmans Marriage

1760

R. Yehuda Leib Segal, a wealthy scholar from the city of Vitebsk, heard of the young prodigy and sought him out as his prospective son-in-law. Rabbi Schneur Zalman was fifteen years old when he married Sterna, R. Yehuda Leib’s daughter. She proved to be a worthy mate, who stood by him throughout his lifetime. As was the custom in those days, the young couple was fully supported by the wife’s father for several years, so that the young scholar could dedicate all of his time to Torah study

Tzvi Hersh took over

1760 - 1761
  • He took over the next day, but exactly a year later his father the Baal Shemtov, appeared to him in a dream and told him that the Maggid of Mezritch, one of the Baal Shemtovs students shall replace him. The next day, at the meal Tzvi announced this.

The Baal Shemtov passed away

1760

He passed on the first day of Shavous.

Maggid of Mezritch- Reb Dov Ber

1761 - 1772
  • He died on the 19 of Kislev 1772.
  • He was a disciple of the Besht.
  • He taught Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi.

Travels to Mezritch

1765

“I knew that in Vilna one was taught how to study, and that in Mezeritch one could learn how to pray. To study I was somewhat able, but of prayer I knew very little. So I went to Mezeritch.”

Shneur Zalman began compiling the Shulchan Urach

1770

9 of Kislev- Birth of Dov Ber - Shneur Zalmans Oldest son

1773

Birth of Chaim Avraham - Shneur Zalmans second son

1777

Firsh Chasidic Aliyah

1777

Rabbi Schneur Zalman was part of the group. But when the caravan reached the city of Mohilev on the Dniester River (Mohyliv-Podilskyi), Rabbi Menachem Mendel—whom Rabbi Schneur Zalman regarded as his teacher and mentor after the Maggid’s passing—instructed him to remain behind to serve as the leader of the chassidic community in White Russia and Lithuania. Subsequently, Rabbi Schneur Zalman retained close ties with the chassidic settlers in the Holy Land and labored to raise funds for their support.

Birth of Moshe - Shneur Zalmans youngest child

1779

Debate in Minsk

1783

Edicts of excommunication, issued in the influential cities of Vilna, Minsk and Shklov, were publicized everywhere, inciting the population to persecute members of the chassidic “cult.” In response, Rabbi Schneur Zalman arranged for a debate to be convened, and there he vindicated the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov and the chassidic way of life. The debate was a momentous occasion, and many erudite young scholars joined the ranks of the chassidim.

R. Shneur Zalman appointed Maggid of Liozna

1783

Passing of Reb Baurch, father of R. Shneur Zalman

1791

Devorah Leah Passes away

1792

3 days after Mnechem Mendels birthday she passes on & her father, The Alter Rebbe helps raise and educate him.

Passing of Devorah Leah, daughter of R. shneur Zalman

1792

Publication of the Tanya by R. Shneur Zalman

1796

19 of Kislev- First arrest & liberation of R. Shenur Zalman

1798

In Tishrei of the year 5559 (1798), Rabbi Schneur Zalman was arrested and taken under guard to St. Petersburg. He was held for 53 days, while the czarist authorities investigated charges by R. Schneur Zalman’s opponents that the chassidic movement he led threatened the imperial authority of the czar. On the 19th of Kislev he was released by express order of the czar, and the chassidic movement was vindicated. Until today, the 19th of Kislev is celebrated as the Rosh Hashanah of Chassidism. In a letter addressed to his followers, Rabbi Schneur Zalman thanked G‑d for “the many kindnesses done with us,” and commanded them to retain a humble attitude towards their opponents, “acting with a mild spirit and soft reply” in the hope that “perhaps G‑d will place in their hearts a response in kind.”

Second arrest & liberation of R. Shneur Zalman

1800 - 1801

Just a few years after the first arrest, the old charges were revived, and Rabbi Schneur Zalman was recalled to St. Petersburg for further investigations. He was detained there for longer than on the first occasion, but under much better conditions. In the later stage of his detention, he was even allowed to deliver chassidic discourses to groups of his followers. The assassination of Czar Paul I occurred while R. Schneur Zalman was imprisoned in St. Petersburg. Two weeks after his installation as the new czar, Alexander I issued a command to release R. Schneur Zalman.

R. Shneur Zalman moves to Liadi

1801

R. Shneur Zalman publishes the first siddur

1803

The great Wedding in Zhlobin

1807

In the summer of 1807 Sarah, the granddaughter of R. Schneur Zalman, married Eliezer, the grandson of R. Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev. The wedding was attended by R. Schneur Zalman, R. Levi Yitzchak, and a great multitude of their respective followers. Zhlobin is a village in Belarus, midway between Babruysk (Babroisk) to the northwest and Gomel (Homil) to the southeast. It is also midway between Liadi to the north and Berditchev to the south.

At 18, R. Menechem Mendel writes a book called "Roots of precept player"

1807

Reb. Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev passes away

1809

R. Menechem Mendelhandles the Alter Rebbes Communal activity

1810

24 of Tevet- The passing of R. Shenur Zalman

1812

R. Dov Ber urged Jews to learn trades & skilled factory work

1822 - 1823

He urged Jewish communities to organize trade schools where Jewish boys, espe­cially of the poorer classes, would be able to learn a trade. He also called on his fellow-Jews to learn agricultural work, dairy farming, and the like, re­minding them that once upon a time, when the Jewish people lived in their own land, they were a people of farmers, fruit growers and herdsmen. He urged that boys who did not show promise of becoming Torah scholars, should, after the age of thirteen, devote part of their time to the learning of a trade, or work in the fields, to help support the family.

10 Kislev- The arrest & liberation of Dov Ber if Lubavitch

1826

Arrest & liberation of R. Dov Ber

1827

He was released on the tenth of Kislev

R. Menechem Mendel becomes rebbe

1827

He's the successor of R. Dov Ber.

Marriage of R. Shmuel

1848

Marries his niece, the daughter of his brother, Rabbi Chaim Schneur Zalman. His wife dies shortly therefater.

R. Shmuel re-marries

1849

His new wife is Rebbetzin Rivka, granddaughter of the the Miteler Rebbe.

The Maharash- R. Shmuel becomes Rebbe

1866

The Tzemech Tzedek -R. Menechem Mendel passes away

1866

Besides instructing the Jews there in the study of the Torah and the fear of G-d in accordance with Chassidic teachings, he inspired them to rise to a high level of brotherly love, mutual help and generally high moral conduct.

During the twelve years from 1827-1839, Rabbi Menachem Mendel concentrated his efforts on communal activities in the field of material aid; the protection of Jewish children from kidnappers and their maintenance in safety, and spiritual help for the cantonists.
Rabbi Menachem Mendel devoted particular attention to the requirements of the Jewish conscripts in the Russian army. He ensured that there should be special representatives at every place where Jewish troops were stationed, with the specific aim of concerning themselves with the troops' moral conduct. These representatives were to encourage the soldiers and strengthen them from falling into the traps of conversion to Christianity laid for them by eager missionaries.
Rabbi Menachem Mendel also worked for the support of needy Torah scholars studying at the Yeshivahs and advanced institutes of learning.

Marriage of R. Shalom Dov Ber

1875

Married his cousin Rebbetzin Shterna Sara after the close of Shabbat, on the 11th of the Jewish month of Elul

13 of Tisheri- R. Shmuel The Maharash passes away

1882

R. Shalom Dov Ber becomes Rebbe

1883

R. Shalom Dov Ber establishes Tomchei tamimim

1897

R. Yosef Yitzchak gets married

1897

On Elul 13 at the age of seventeen, Rabbi Joseph I. Schneersohn married Nehamah Dinah, the daughter of Rabbi Abraham Schneersohn, a prominent man of great scholarship and piety (and the grand-daughter of the Tzemach Tzedek)

Fredieker Rebbe is appointed as head of Tomechi Temimmim

1898

Jail time - Frediker Rebbe

1902 - 1911

He was arrested four times by the Czarist police.

Frediker Rebbe sought releif

1904

During the Russo-Japanese war he sent kosher food to the russian army.

2 of Nissan - R. Reshab passes away

1920

After Shabbat ends, of the Torah reading of Vayikra, eve of Sunday, 2 Nissan (the 21st of March), at 3:30 a.m., he passes away and is interred in Rostov, on the river Don.
He had one son, the sixth Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn

Marriage in Warsaw

1929

Rabbi Menachem Mendel married the sixth Rebbe's daughter, Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka, in Warsaw. (The Rebbetzin, born in 1901, was chosen by her father, the sixth Rebbe, to accompany him in his forced exile to Kostroma in 1927. For sixty years she was the Rebbe's life partner; she passed away on 22 Sh'vat in 1988.) He later studied in the University of Berlin and then at the Sorbonne in Paris. It may have been in these years that his formidable knowledge of mathematics and the sciences began to blossom.

12 of tammuz- Frediker Rebbe comes to America!

1940

" America is NOT different!"

28 of sivan- Rebetzin & Rebbe arrive in America

1941

10 of shevat -Frediker Rebbe passes away

1950

Our Rebbe Becomes Rebbe- Yud Shevat

1951

Note that this is the same day that the Frediker rebbe passed away and only a year after is when the rebbe accepted leadership.

Sefarim Victory!! - We got the books back! -5 of Tevet

1987

3 of Tammuz- Our Rebbe passed away

1994