By 1950 Russian industrial production had surpasses prewar levels by 40 percent. New power plants, canals, and giant factories were built.
Decline in Industrial Growth Rate
1953 - 1964
The Industrial growth rate soared in early 1950s but then declined dramatically from 13 percent in 1953 to 7.5 percent in 1964.
Soviets Test Their First Hydrogen Bomb
Russia's world power continues to row when they first tested a hydrogen bomb during this ear.
in 1956 at the twentieth congress of the communist party Khrushchev condemned Stalin for his "administrative violence, mass repression, and terror". The process of eliminating the more ruthless policies of Stalin became known as de-stalinazation.
First Satellite Gets Sent to Space
The Soviets world power continued to grow when they sent the first ever satellite, Sputnik I, into space during this year.
Eastern Europe: Behind the Iron Curtain
Where Soviets Contolled.
1945 - 1947
Soviet- controlled Communist governments became firmly entrenched in East Germany, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, and Hungary.
Stalin's Ruling Continued
1948 - 1953
Between 1948 and 1953 the Eastern European satellite states followed Stalin's example, they tried 5 year plans with emphasis on heavy industry rather than consumer goods. They also eliminated all non-Communist parties and had secret police and military forces within their country.
The Soviets Sieze Control of Czechosovakia
In Czechoslovakia where there was a strong tradition of democracy and a multiparty system, the Soviets siezed control of the government in 1948.
Protests Erupt In Poland
Protests in Poland erupted in response to the Soviet making it clear that it would not allow its satellite states to be independent. In Response to the Soviets te Polish Communist Party adopted a series of reforms in October and elected Wladyslaw Gomulka as first secretary.
Poland Influences Hungarians
The protests of the Poland people influenced Hungarians and caused them to seek the same kinds of reforms to prevent Communism.
Hungary Gains Freedom
November 1, 1956
Imre Nagy, the Hungarian leader, declared Hungary a free nation on November 1, 1956 and promised free elections. It soon became clear that this might spell the end of the Communist rule in Hungary.
Hungary Loses freedom Again
Three days after Nagy's declaration, the Soviet Army attacked the Hungarian capital of Budapest and the Soviets reestablished control in the country. The Soviets seized Nagy and Nagy was then executed two years later causing Hungary to once again lose their freedom.
Alexander Dubcek was elected first secretary of the communist part. He introduced a number of reforms, including freedom of speech and press and the freedom to travel abroad. He relaxed censorship and was much more layed back. The time of his ruling was much different Dubeck hoped to create "socialism with a human face"
Tito had been the leader of the Communist resistance movement however after the war he moved toward the creation of an independent communist state in Yugoslavia, he gained support from people by portraying the struggle as one of Yugoslav national freedom. Tito ruled Yugoslavia until he eventually died in 1980.