Cold War: Sec. 2 The Soviet Union & Easters Europe

Main

Recovery Soviet-Style

Russia Continues Industrialization

1950

By 1950 Russian industrial production had surpasses prewar levels by 40 percent. New power plants, canals, and giant factories were built.

Soviets Test Their First Hydrogen Bomb

1953

Russia's world power continues to row when they first tested a hydrogen bomb during this ear.

Decline in Industrial Growth Rate

1953 - 1964

The Industrial growth rate soared in early 1950s but then declined dramatically from 13 percent in 1953 to 7.5 percent in 1964.

De-Stalinization Begins

1956

in 1956 at the twentieth congress of the communist party Khrushchev condemned Stalin for his "administrative violence, mass repression, and terror". The process of eliminating the more ruthless policies of Stalin became known as de-stalinazation.

First Satellite Gets Sent to Space

1957

The Soviets world power continued to grow when they sent the first ever satellite, Sputnik I, into space during this year.

Eastern Europe: Behind the Iron Curtain

Where Soviets Contolled.

1945 - 1947

Soviet- controlled Communist governments became firmly entrenched in East Germany, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, and Hungary.

The Soviets Sieze Control of Czechosovakia

1948

In Czechoslovakia where there was a strong tradition of democracy and a multiparty system, the Soviets siezed control of the government in 1948.

Stalin's Ruling Continued

1948 - 1953

Between 1948 and 1953 the Eastern European satellite states followed Stalin's example, they tried 5 year plans with emphasis on heavy industry rather than consumer goods. They also eliminated all non-Communist parties and had secret police and military forces within their country.

Poland Influences Hungarians

1956

The protests of the Poland people influenced Hungarians and caused them to seek the same kinds of reforms to prevent Communism.

Protests Erupt In Poland

1956

Protests in Poland erupted in response to the Soviet making it clear that it would not allow its satellite states to be independent. In Response to the Soviets te Polish Communist Party adopted a series of reforms in October and elected Wladyslaw Gomulka as first secretary.

Hungary Gains Freedom

November 1, 1956

Imre Nagy, the Hungarian leader, declared Hungary a free nation on November 1, 1956 and promised free elections. It soon became clear that this might spell the end of the Communist rule in Hungary.

Hungary Loses freedom Again

1958

Three days after Nagy's declaration, the Soviet Army attacked the Hungarian capital of Budapest and the Soviets reestablished control in the country. The Soviets seized Nagy and Nagy was then executed two years later causing Hungary to once again lose their freedom.

Alexander Dubcek

1968

Alexander Dubcek was elected first secretary of the communist part. He introduced a number of reforms, including freedom of speech and press and the freedom to travel abroad. He relaxed censorship and was much more layed back. The time of his ruling was much different Dubeck hoped to create "socialism with a human face"

Tito Dies

1980

Tito had been the leader of the Communist resistance movement however after the war he moved toward the creation of an independent communist state in Yugoslavia, he gained support from people by portraying the struggle as one of Yugoslav national freedom. Tito ruled Yugoslavia until he eventually died in 1980.