Ruled by a king call a Sultan.
Different ethnic groups throughout turkey, Armenians, Kurds and Arabs
Outer territories were the first to split off the empire
Arabs join together with a common purpose between them, to achieve political and social goals, mainly want a homeland
Turkish rulers worried that Armenians were helping the Russians, so they decided to try to eliminate many Armenian leaders and innocent people. Estimated at 1-2 million deaths.
British diplomat McMahon writes to Sharif Hussein, with vague promise of homeland if Ottoman Empire breaks up with Arab help
British promised independence and future country if Arabs revolt against the Ottoman Turks
Secret agreement between the British and the French to divide up the Ottoman Empire if it failed.
British promised the Zionists leaders a homeland in Palestine.
Fights against western occupying forces and establishes an independent Turkey. Leads country in secular reforms.
Arab populations revolt against European colonial rule.
British control Palestine, Jordan, and Iraq and establishes Jewish homeland in Palestine following Balfour Declaration.
France controls Syria and Lebanon.