Forming Middle East-MarshallB

Main

Growth of the Ottoman Empire

1300 - 1699

Ruled by a king call a Sultan.
Different ethnic groups throughout turkey, Armenians, Kurds and Arabs
Sunnis-Shi'ite(majority) Muslims

Decline of the Ottoman Empire

1699 - 1915

Outer territories were the first to split off the empire

Arab Nationalism

1880 - 2010

Arabs join together with a common purpose between them, to achieve political and social goals, mainly want a homeland

World War I

1914 - 1918

Hussein-McMahan Correspondence

1915

British promised independence and future country if Arabs revolt against the Ottoman Turks

Armenian Genocide

1915

Turkish rulers worried that Armenians were helping the Russians, so they decided to try to eliminate many Armenian leaders and innocent people. Estimated at 1-2 million deaths.

Huessein-McMahon correspondence

1915

British diplomat McMahon writes to Sharif Hussein, with vague promise of homeland if Ottoman Empire breaks up with Arab help

Sykes-Picot Agreement

1916

Secret agreement between the British and the French to divide up the Ottoman Empire if it failed.

Balour Decleration

1917

British promised the Zionists leaders a homeland in Palestine.

Ataturk leads war of Independence

1919

Fights against western occupying forces and establishes an independent Turkey. Leads country in secular reforms.

Sykes-Picot agreement goes into affect.

1920 - 1948

British control Palestine, Jordan, and Iraq and establishes Jewish homeland in Palestine following Balfour Declaration.

France controls Syria and Lebanon.

Arab Revolt

1920 - Present Day

Arab populations revolt against European colonial rule.