Forming Middle East-MarshallB


Growth of the Ottoman Empire

1300 - 1699

Ruled by a king call a Sultan.
Different ethnic groups throughout turkey, Armenians, Kurds and Arabs
Sunnis-Shi'ite(majority) Muslims

Decline of the Ottoman Empire

1699 - 1915

Outer territories were the first to split off the empire

Arab Nationalism

1880 - 2010

Arabs join together with a common purpose between them, to achieve political and social goals, mainly want a homeland

World War I

1914 - 1918

Hussein-McMahan Correspondence


British promised independence and future country if Arabs revolt against the Ottoman Turks

Armenian Genocide


Turkish rulers worried that Armenians were helping the Russians, so they decided to try to eliminate many Armenian leaders and innocent people. Estimated at 1-2 million deaths.

Huessein-McMahon correspondence


British diplomat McMahon writes to Sharif Hussein, with vague promise of homeland if Ottoman Empire breaks up with Arab help

Sykes-Picot Agreement


Secret agreement between the British and the French to divide up the Ottoman Empire if it failed.

Balour Decleration


British promised the Zionists leaders a homeland in Palestine.

Ataturk leads war of Independence


Fights against western occupying forces and establishes an independent Turkey. Leads country in secular reforms.

Sykes-Picot agreement goes into affect.

1920 - 1948

British control Palestine, Jordan, and Iraq and establishes Jewish homeland in Palestine following Balfour Declaration.

France controls Syria and Lebanon.

Arab Revolt

1920 - Present Day

Arab populations revolt against European colonial rule.