Ruled by a kind called a Sultan. The rulers of the empire we Turkish
Outer territories were the first to split off the empire.
Arabs join together with a common purpose between them, to achieve political and social goals, mainly want a homeland.
British diplomat McMahon writes to Sharif Hussein, with vague promise of homeland if Ottoman Empire breaks up with Arab help
British promised independence and future country if Arabs revolt against the Ottoman Turks
Turkish rulers worried that Armenians were helping Russians, killed many Armenian leaders and intellectuals. An estimated 1-2 million people were killed by the Turks.
Secret agreement between British and French to divide up the Ottoman Empire if it failed.
British promised Zionist leaders a homeland in Palestine.
Fights against western occupying forces and establishes an independent Turkey. Leads country in secular reforms.
British control Palestine, Jordan, and Iraq and establishes Jewish homeland in Palestine following Balfour Declaration.
France controls Syria and Lebanon.
Arab populations revolt against European colonial rule.