Reformation and Revolution in the British Isles


Edmund Spenser

1553 - 1599

Poet and author of the poem the Fairie Queene

Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots

1554 - 1618

Cousin of Elizabeth I and heir to the English throne whose Catholicism led to her execution

Christopher Marlowe

1564 - 1593

Playwright in Elizabeth's reign, author of the play Doctor Faustus, contemporary of Shakespeare

William Shakespeare

1564 - 1616

England's greatest playwright

James VI/James I

1567 - 1625

r. 1567/1603-1625
son of Mary, Queen of Scots, king who ruled in Scotland as James VI from 1567 and in England and Ireland as James I from 1603

William Laud

1573 - 1645

Archbishop of Canterbury who enforced Charles I's unpopular religious policies through royal courts

Elizabeth Tudor sent an army to aid the Dutch rebels against Philip


Walter Raleigh found a colony on Roanoke Island


Spanish Armada of 1588


Walter Raleigh led the first English expedition into South America




Northeastern part of Ireland colonized by Scots and English Protestants after England's defeat of the local Cathliocs

Oliver Cromwell

1599 - 1658

General on Parliment's side in English civil war who eventually established a military dictatorship in england

King James Version of the bible was written


Charles I

1625 - 1649

King of England, Ireland, and Scotland who was beheaded by order of Parliament in 1649

James VI/I died


Charles ruled on his own



Clarles and Laud imposed Book of the common prayer


Charles was forced to sign a treaty with the Scots


it gave the Scottish parliament a role in the appointment of royal ministers and conceded the Scottish parliament's rights to oversee policy

Charles demanded money from Parliament to subdue the Irish


Parliment reorganized the Church of England along Presbyterian lines


and then executed Laud

Charles surrendered to the Scots who turned him over to English Parliment

1645 - 1647

The army purged Parliment of those favoring monarchy


Commonwealth of england

1649 - 1660

Name of the English republic

Charles II

1650 - 1685

r/ 1650/1660-1685
Son of Charles I, crowned king of Scotland in 1650 but riled there only after 1660, when he was crowned king of England as well

navigation act


Parliamentary act requiring overseas goods destined for england to be carried in english ships of English colonies

Treaty of the Pyrenees


Treaty ending the wars between France and Spain and leaving France the most powerful state in Europe