Apr 12. The beginning of the American Civil War takes place at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. Confederate troops captured the fort allowing Union troops to leave.
Battle of Bull Run
July 21, 1861
Jul 21. First Battle of Bull Run (aka First Battle of Manassas by the Confederates); it was the first land battle of major proportions in the Civil War. The battle took place near the city of Manassas in Prince William County, Virginia. There were more than 2800 casualties at this battle.
Battle of Hampton Roads
March 8, 1862
Mar 8. A naval battle pitting the Union and the Confederates, the Battle of Hampton Roads take place near Sewell’s Point in Virginia. The Battle featured the ironclad battleships Monitor and the Merrimack.
Battle of Stones River
December 31, 1862
Dec 31. Fought in Middle Tennessee, the Battle of Stones River is one of the major battles that had the most casualties from both sides.
Battle of Chickamauga
September 19, 1863
Sep 19. The last of the Confederates win was the Battle of Chickamauga, fought in Georgia. General Braxton Bragg led the confederates while the Union was under the command of General William Rosecrans.
Battle of the Wilderness
May 5, 1864
May 5. Battle of the Wilderness. The battle pitted Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee. This was literally a battle of wits, one general trying to outsmart the other. Casualty estimates reach 30,000 from both sides.
Battle of spotsylvania
May 10, 1864
May 10. Battle of Spotsylvania. Part of the Overland Campaign, the battle represented another example of the fierceness of the Civil War. Total casualties numbered at 32,000. Again, General Lee had the upper-hand during the skirmishes.
January 31, 1865
Jan 31. The United States Congress abolishes slavery by passing the 13th Amendment.
Robert E. Lee
February 6, 1865
Feb 6. General Robert E Lee is named as General-in-chief of the Confederate army.
Appomattox Court House
April 9, 1865
Apr 9. General Lee of the Confederates surrender to General Grant of the Union at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia, thus ending the Civil War.