The Seven Years' War in Europe lasted from 1756-1763. France and England battled over the Ohio River territories and the Indians sided with the French.
1775 - 1783
"I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." ~Captain Nathan Hale. The colonists of early America were fed up with Great Britain's taxes. They decided they wanted to have their own government, but Great Britain thought otherwise.
War of 1812
June 18 1812 - 1814
During the War of 1812 Dolly Madison, the president's wife, rescued important documents and a portrait of George Washington when the British set fire to the White House.
Texas War for Independence
1835 - 1836
"Remember the Alamo!" was a famous battle cry during this war.
1846 - 1848
This war was a quarrel over the border between Mexico and Texas. Eventually, the Americans won and the border was decided on the Rio Grande.
The Civil War
1861 - 1865
"A house devided against itself cannot stand" ~Abraham Lincoln. This war was over the slaves that were being held in the south. Even after the war ended some people kept their slaves until soldiers had to remove them at gunpoint.
World War I
1914 - 1918
The U.S. didn't enter World War I for the first three years of the war. Only when the Zimmerman Note was found did the U.S. enter the war.
World War II
1939 - 1945
The U.S. entered World War II when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. The U.S. ended World War II by dropping the first atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
1950 - 1953
This war occurred when communist North Korea sent troops into non-communist South Korea. The U.S. and fifteen other nations sent armies to protect South Korea from communism.
1965 - 1973
The U.S. troops had several casualties because the Vietnamese would come out of tunnels in the ground and surprise the men with an attack.
In this battle the British stood out in the open while the French and Indians hid behind trees hidden from view. Over half of the British were killed.
Battle of Quebec
Late at night the British climbed up a cliff to capture Quebec city, the head of the French in the Americas. The British won by surprise.
The soldiers of the British were confused and killed five colonists in Boston.
Boston Tea Party
Several British colonists dressed up as indians and dumped several chests of tea into the Boston Harbor.
April 18 1775
Paul Revere and some of his patriot friends rode through the courntyside yelling for all to hear, "The British are coming!"
Shot Heard 'round the World
April 19 1775
Otherwise known as the Battle of Lexington, it was the first official battle of the Revolutionary war.
The Green Mountain Boys
Ethen Allen and the green mountain boys attacked and conquered Fort Ticonderoga in early morning.
Battle of Bunker Hill
June 17 1775
The patriots dug trenches in the hill at night and attacked the British. The patriots would have won, however they ran out of gunpowder. In Boston the colonists climbed up on top of their roofs to watch the battle.
September 22 1776
"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." Nathan Hale was hung as a spy against the British.
Washington Crosses the Delaware
December 25 1776
On Christmas night, Washington sailed his troops across the Delaware river into Trenton, New Jersey. He attacked the Hessians while they were sleeping. Washington won the battle.
Battle of Saratoga
October 7 1777
Known as the turning point of the Revolutionary war, this battle convinced the french to help the Patriots.
Bonhomme Richard and the Serapis
September 23 1779
"I have not yet begun to fight!" John Paul Jones and his small boat took on the Serapis and sailed home as a war hero.
The Final Battle
October 19 1781
The Battle of Yorktown was when General Cornwallis marched his army to Yorktown expecting help from the British army. The French, however, intervened by blocking the British ships off. Washington attacked the British soldiers and finally, Cornwallis surrendered the British army.
War is Declared
June 18 1812
The first time that the United States as a country declared war on another.
Fire is set to the White House
The British marched into Washington D.C. and burned the Capitol Building and the White House. Dolly Madison, the president's wife, saved several important documents from the flames.
Oh say, Can you see?
During the battle at Fort McHenry, a patriot was caught on a british ship during the battle. After the battle, searching through the morning, he saw the American flag that inspired him to write the National Anthem.
Remember the Alamo!
February 23 1836
The Battle of the Alamo was when 187 men fought against the Mexican army in a struggle for independence. The battle didn't end until all 187 had men killed.
Battle of San Jacinto
April 21 1836
In this battle Santa Anna himself was captured with his army, causing Texas to become independent.
The War Begins
April 12 1861
Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter and began the Civil war.
Merrimac and the Monitor
March 9 1862
The Merrimac and the Monitor were the first of its kind. Neither side won because the two ships couldn't destroy each other!
Battle of Gettysburg
Considered the turning point of the war.
Battle of Vicksburg
The Union gained control of the Mississippi River.
The War Ends
April 9 1865
General Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.
Let there be War!
June 28 1914
When Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, were riding through Serbia a young man shot both the archduke and his wife to death. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, who was allied with Germany.
As the Lusitania was sailing to England a german U-boat fired a torpedo into her side. The ship sank and over 1,000 people lost their lives, including 100 Americans.
The Zimmerman Note
The Zimmerman note was a letter from Germany to Mexico asking her to enter World War I on the German side. Germany even promised Mexico part of the United States if Germany won the war!
The United States declares War!
The Americans were now enraged over Zimmerman note and the sinking of the Lusitania. The United States formally declared ware on Germany. "The world must be made safe for democracy."- President Woodrow Wilson
The War is over!
November 11 1918
Finally the Central Powers surrendered. World War I had ended at last. Today November 11 is celebrated as Veterans day, honoring those who fought for our country in any war and all who served in our military.
World War II Begins
Adolph Hitler had begun to conquer the small countries that surrounded germany. Then he attacked Poland. France and Great Britan both warned Germany to back out of Poland. Hitler refused. Great Britan and France declared war on Germany
Germany, an Empire?
By now germany had conquered Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, Belguim, Luxemberg, Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. Soon Germany began to attack France. The world was alarmed when France fell under Germany's rule.
Battle of Britan
July 10 1940
Hitler sent planes loaded with bombs to fly over England. The whole time, Hitler expected them to give up, but they did not. Finally England's air force beat back the Germans. The United States was relieved. England had not been conquered.
Germany attacks her allies
Germany turned toward Russia and attcked her. Russia was surprised. Germany and Russia had signed a non-aggression pact in 1939! Confused, Russia asked Great Britan and the United States to help. Great Britan agreed. However, the Soviet Union harsh winter came. The Germans food, trucks, tanks, and soldiers froze. Slowly but surely, the Germans were driven out of the country.
Pearl Harbor is attacked!
December 7 1941
The Japanese wanted to control Asia. She feared that the United States wouldn't allow her. they planned an attack on Pearl Harbor in Oahu, Hawaii. They loaded 200 Japanese planes with bombs and dropped them at their destination. Many ships in the Pacific fleet were sunk or badly damaged and over 2,000 Americans were killed.
War is Declared!
December 8 1941
On December 8, 1941, the enraged United States and Canada declared war on Japan. Just a few days later, Germany and Italy declared ware on the United States.
France is free!
June 6 1944
On June 6, 1944, allied troops landed on the beaches on northern France on D-Day. For several weeks, the soldiers fought bravely. And finally, on August of 1944, France was free!
May 7 1945
V-E Day, or victory in Europe day, was great celebration. Germany had surrendered! May 8 is now celebrated as V-E Day.
August 6 1945
Japan had lost much during the war, but she refused to surrender. The United States debated heavily on whether or not to drop an atomic bomb. Finally, a decision was reached. Bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Thousands died. The Japanese finally surrendered.
South Korea is attacked
Communist North Korea invaded South Korea. The UN ordered North Korea to stop, but the communists did not heed. The UN and the US sent troops to drive the communists out.
Korea is safe
President Harry S. Truman believed in a foriegn policy called containment, which committed American troops to stay on the defensive and simply prevent communism from spreading. This did not allow the american army to invade North Korea and abolish communism in that part of the Asia once and for all. So the war ended.
The Vietnam War
500,000 Americans were sent of South Vietnam to defend freedom. They fought bravely, but they were not allowed by the United States to win. This war became known as the Vietnam war. The United States lost the war.
1789 - 1797
1797 - 1801
1801 - 1809
1809 - 1817
1817 - 1825
John Quincy Adams
1825 - 1829
1829 - 1837
Martin Van Buren
1837 - 1841
William Henry Harrison
1841 - 04/04/1841
04/04/1841 - 1845
James K. Polk
1845 - 1849
1849 - 1850
1850 - 1853
1853 - 1857
1857 - 1861
1861 - 1865
1865 - 1869
Ulysses S. Grant
1869 - 1877
Rutherford B. Hayes
1877 - 03/04/1881
James A. Garfield
03/04/1881 - 09/19/1881
Chester A. Arthur
09/19/1881 - 1885
1885 - 1889
1889 - 1893
1893 - 1897
1897 - 1901
1901 - 1909
William Howard Taft
1909 - 1913
1913 - 1921
Warren G. Harding
1921 - 1923
1923 - 1929
1929 - 1933
Franklin D. Roosevelt
1933 - 1945
Harry S. Truman
1945 - 1953
Dwight D. Eisenhower
1953 - 1961
John F. Kennedy
1961 - 1963
Lyndon B. Johnson
1963 - 1969
Richard M. Nixon
1969 - 1974
Gerald R. Ford
1974 - 1977
James E. Carter
1977 - 1981
1981 - 1989
George H. W. Bush
1989 - 1993
William J. Clinton
1993 - 2001
George W. Bush
2001 - 2009
2009 - 2016
This part of land stretched west to the Mississippi river, east to the Atlantic ocean, south to Florida, and North to Canada.
The Louisiana Purchase was bought for $15 million from Napoleon Bonaparte. It more than doubled the size of the United States.
Florida was bought for $5 million dollars. The US wanted it because the Spanish in Florida would attack the settlers in Georgia and Alabama.
Texas governed herself after the Texas war for independence until in 1845 when she joined the United States.
When Oregon was added to the United States many settlers took the Oregon trail to start a new life.
After the Mexican war the US bought a large peice of land on the west coast for $15 million.
A small peice of land that made up the bottoms of Arizona and New Mexico was bought to build a railroad through the southwest.
Alaska was bought by William H. Seward, the Secretary of State, for $7.2 million.
Passed by Parliament that required all newspapers, almanacs, marriage certificates, and other documents to have a seal on the paper that certified they had paid the tax. It was dropped in 1766.
June 22 1774
This law passed by parliament enforced that the colonists could not live on the land that they fought for in the French and Indian war. The Colonists were angry.
First Continental Congress
50 men from the colonies met in Philidelphia. They put into writing their request that their rights be respected. As a response, England sent warships.
Second Continental Congress
This time the men decided:
1. That America needed an organized army
2. George Washington would command the new army
Declaration of Independence
July 2 1776
On July 4 the Declaration of Independence was officially adopted by the twelve of the thirteen colonies. New York, the last colony to vote, adopted it a few days later.
The United States Flag
June 14 1777
The flag was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on June 14. According to an old story, the flag was stiched by Betsy Ross.
Articles of Confederation
March 1 1781
The Articles of Confederation was the first government the Americans had. The government was not strong enough. It had to power to tax or settle quarrels.
Treaty of Paris
The treaty of Paris granted the colonists all of the English claims to land East of the Mississippi.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
It Guaranteed freedom of religion, outlawed slavery, guaranteed fair treatment of the Inians, and provided trail by a jury for all citizens accused of crimes.
June 21 1788
The founding fathers gave our country a constitutional republic, a form of government in which the people and their elected representatives are limited by a constitution.
The Bill of Rights
December 15 1791
Treaty of Ghent
The Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812.
When Missouri became a slave state, no other territories north of an established boundary line could enter the Union as slave states.
Japanese Trade Treaty
Commodore Matthew Perry went to Japan to open trading with Japan.
The Harris Treaty, introduced by Townsend Harris, opened Japan to Christian Missionaries.
January 1 1863
This document passed by the Union stated that all slaves would be considered free in any states that were fighting against the Union.
Surrender of the south
April 9 1865
In Appamattox Courthouse, Virginia, Grant wrote generous terms of surrender. Lee signed the document, and the war ended.
Roe vs. Wade
When President Reagan believed in stopping Communism before it could enslave a country.
1581 - 1661
Chief of the Wampanoag tribe.
January 1 1585 - November 30 1622
Taught the Pilgrims how to grow their food.
1590 - 1653
Welcomed the Pilgrims to Plymouth
1742 - 1807
A famous Mohawk cheif who helped translate the Bible into the Mohawk language.
1760 - 1843
Sequoya invented a written language for his people that he called syllabary.
1768 - 1813
Tecumseh fought to keep all white men out of Indian territory.
1788 - December 20 1812
Sacagawea was a Shoshone Indian that led Lewis and Clark through the wilderness to explore the Louisiana Purchase.
1831 - December 15 1890
Sitting Bull was a Sioux medicine man and chief. He claimed to have a vision of many white soldiers falling into his camp like grasshoppers from the sky. On June 25, 1876, the Battle of Little Bighorn took place. General Custer and over two hundred soldiers lost their lives.
May 28 1888 - March 28 1953
Jim Thorpe is considered one of America's greatest athletes.
Inventions and Scientific Discoveries
The Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, a machine which removed the seeds from cotton and greatly increased the speed of harvesting.
Robert Fulton Invented the steamboat. The Clermont was the first boat of its kind. Its maiden voyage was along the Hudson River.
The Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus McCormick invented a mechanical reaper. It made the time for harvesting wheat a fraction of what it used to be.
1835 - 1919
Andrew Carnegie saw the future in steel. He made millions off the steel industry.
Samuel Colt invented the Revolver.
John D. Rockefeller
1839 - 1937
John D. Rockefeller united several small oil companies. He produced the most oil, for the cheapest prices, and with the best service. He soon monopolized the oil industry and became the world's first billionaire.
Vulcanization of Rubber
Charles Goodyear invented the vulcanization of rubber, a process which makes it stronger and more durable and did away with its stikiness.
Samuel Morse invented the telagraph and a system called Morse code to go with it.
Lock-stitch Sewing Machine
Elias Howe invented the lock-stitch sewing machine.
Pullman Sleeping Cars
George Pullman invented the Pullman sleeping car for trains.
P.D. Armour invented meat packing.
Railroad Air Brake
George Westinghouse invented the railroad air brake.
C.L. Sholes invented the typewriter.
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in March of 1876. It transformed the nation.
Thomas Alva Edison invented the phonograph. It was the first invention that got him noticed by the US. "Genius is 1 percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration."
October 22 1879
Thomas Alva Edison invented the Lightbulb. "Aren't you discouraged?" asked his friends, wondering why he wouldn't give up. "Discouraged?" he asked. "Why I've made progress! I have found out 10,000 things that won't work!" and with that, he went back to work.
The Shoe Lasting Machine
Jan Ernst Matzeliger invented the shoe-lasting machine.
Kodak Box Camera
George Eastman invented the Kodak box camera.
Guglielmo Marconi invented the wireless telegraph.
Assembly Line Automobiles
June 16 1903
Henry Ford used the assembly line process to make cars quicklky, easily, and cheaply. It made cars avaliable to most american families.
December 17 1903
Wilbur and Orville Wright flew the first airplane with a motor in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
The Traffic Signal
Garrett A. Morgan invented the traffic signal.
The Liquid Fuelled Rocket
Robert H. Goddard launched the first successful liquid fuel rocket ever built.
April 12 1955
Dr.Jonas Salk developed the Polio vaccine.
Culture, Literature, and Art
Of Plymouth Plantation
Of Plymouth Plantation was a book written by William Bradford of things that happened in Plymouth.
New England Primer
The New England Primer was the book millions of American children learned to read from. It was in constant use for over 150 years.
Phillis Wheatley was the first black woman writer in America to have a book published.
The Blue-Backed Speller
The American Spelling Book was written by Noah Webster. It has sold over 100 million copies.
The Star Spangled Banner
During the Battle of Fort McHenry the nation's national anthem was written by an inspired man.
The McGuffy Reader
William H. McGuffey wrote the McGuffey Reader. It has sold over 122 Million copies.
The Spirituals were songs that negro slaves would sing while working in the feilds.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Uncle Tom's Cabin was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe about slaves in the south.
Buffalo Bill's Wild West
The show was starred with Annie Oakly, Wild Bill Hickok, Sitting Bull, Cowboys, and american indians.
I Pledge Allegiance...
The Pledge of Allegiance was published in a children's magazine at first. It was printed into a leaflet and soon every school had a flag and children were learning the pledge.
Marian Anderson was one of the greatest opera singers of the age.
Things of Interest
The Wilderness Road
Daniel Boone cleared the Wilderness Road through the Cumberland Gap into Kentucky.
Let Freedom Ring!
July 4 1776
The Liberty Bell was rung in Philadelphia when the Declaration of Independence was read. On the bell was written, Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof.
Our First Capital
New York City was the first capital of the United States.
April 30 1789
Washington was sworn in as the first president of the united states.
The Erie Canal was the first major man-made canal in the United States.
In 1849 thousands of people flocked to California in search for gold. This was called the California Gold Rush.
The Underground Railroad
Thousands of slaves fled along the Underground Railroad to freedom.
The Pony Express
The Pony Express lasted only 19 months. It could get a a letter from the east coast to the west coast in 10 days.
The Gettysburg Address
November 19 1863
For two hours a man named Edward Everett spoke about the battle at gettysburg. Then President Lincoln stood up for his speech. He spook for less than three minutes with 10 direct sentences. Now we remember President Lincoln's speech, but Edward Everett's was not written down.
The President is Shot!
The president was shot by John Wilkes Booth in Ford's Theatre.
The Transcontinental Railroad
May 10 1869
The transcontinental Railroad was finished at Promontory Point, Utah.
The Red Cross
Clara Barton founded the American National Red Cross.
Oklahoma Land Rush
The Oklahoma Land Rush was when thousands of Americans lined up along the borders of oklahoma to scramble over the border and claim their own part of Oklahoma.
The North Pole
April 6 1909
Robert Peary and Matthew Henson discovered the North Pole.
The Titanic hit an iceburg and sunk on her maiden voyage, taking over 1,500 men, woman, and children down with her to the seabed.
The Panama Canal
President Theodore Roosevelt built the Panama Canal.
Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McLeod Bethune devoted her life to ensure that black children had a good education.
The Great Depression
1929 - 1939
The Great Depression was when no one had any money, not even the government.
A Space Ship Explodes
January 28 1986
The Space Shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after leaving the launch pad, killing all seven onboard.