Italy: 1870-1915

Context to Fascist Italy.

Main

Incorporation of Rome into the Kingdom of Italy

1870

Death of Victor Emmanuel II; succession of Umberto I

1878

Treaty of Bardo

1881

French protectorate over Tunisia and excludes Italian interests

Triple Alliance

1882

Renewal of Triple Alliance

1887

Italians massacred in Abyssinia and protective tariffs also introduced.

Italy claim protectorate over Abyssinia, Treaty of Ucciali

1889

Italians defeated by Abyssinians at Adowa, renounced claim for Tunis

1896

Bread riots in Milan, suppressed with force, Franco/Ita tariff war ended

1898

Assassination of King Umberto

1900

Strike in Italy, violence, conservatives elected

1904

Italy declares war on Italy, annexes Libya

1911

New electoral law by Giolitti

1912

WWI, Italy neutral initially

1914

Italy enters war with Britain/France

1915