i. Insincere reforms
9 years was needed for constitutional preparation. It formed a new cabinet in 1911, but 8 out of 13 ministers were Manzu and 7 of them were even Manzu princes(Royal Cabinet).
The government was very corrupt and inefficient which led to the failure of the reforms. It actually gave the officials opportunities to be involved in corruption.
iii. Insufficient funds
Financial difficulties which included the paying of the large amounts of indemnities. E.g. (only the army received modern training, not the navy, school construction was not completed, the Qing government allowed local authories to raise their own funds for reform, which led to different kinds of additional taxes and charges. People suffered alot)
iv. Lack of capable leaders
The Late Qing Reform was not led by capable leaders. Some of them died, left or either were dismissed.
v. Lack of popular support
Anti-Qing uprising staged by the revolutionary groups. People lost their confidence in the consitutional experiment and turned to support the revolutionaries instead. They lost their hope when the imperial civil exam was abolished.