Philip II becomes the king of Macedonia, the northernmost kingdom of Greece.
Philip II is murdered by a courtier at a summer feast to celebrate the wedding of his daughter.
Alexander is born in the heart of the Macedonian kingdom, Pella.
The Greek Philosopher, Aristotle is employed as tutor to Alexander, then 13.
Homer’s Iliad becomes a big inspiration for Alexander, who will keep the scrolls of the text in his tent later during his conquests.
Aged 16, Alexander the Great leads his first successful military campaign, against the Thracians.
Alexander takes the place of his father as leader of the campaign against Persia.
At the age of 21, Alexander marches east with 5000 cavalry and 30,000 foot soldiers.
Not far from Troy, at the river Granicus, Alexander and his army defeat a Persian Army
Alexander defeats the emperor of Persia, Darius III. He captures Darius’ family and treats them with courtesy.
Alexander becomes the ruler of Asia when he manages to cut the Gordian knot.
After seven months of a siege, Tyre, the only city to give Alexander serious resistance, is taken and destroyed.
Alexander the Great arrives in Egypt.
While in Egypt, Alexander founds Alexandria.
Alexander travels far into the desert, to a famous oracle of the sun god Amon. Here the priest recognizes him as a son of god.
Alexander again defeats Darius III at the battle of Gaugamela. This leaves Persia open to his advances.
After a long rivalry between Greece and Persia, Alexander finally destroys the great palace of Xerxes at Persepolis.
Alexander marries Roxana
Hephaestion, Alexander's long term best friend, dies of a fever. A grief stricken Alexander erects shrines in his memory.
At the age of 33, Alexander dies in Babylon, after a banquet.
Alexander's generals decide that the new heirs to the throne should be his half brother, Philip III, and his son by Roxana, Alexander IV.