Timeline for Reformation and Scientific Revolution



Printing Press and Gutenberg Bible printed

1451 - 1452

A man name Johann Gutenberg invented the fist printing press and translated the bible to English.

Erasmus wrote a book that named problems in the church.

1516 - 1517

His work laid the foundations for Luther's Reformation,

Luther posts 95 Thesis

1517 - 1518

Luther posted the 95 theses because he didn't like what the church was doing so he did this to let people what he thought.

William Tyndale-translated the bible into English

1525 - 1526

This allowed people to read the bible and start to question the practices of corrupt church leaders.

King Henry

1534 - 1535

King Henry was a king who didn't like what Luther was doing.

Counter Reformation

Ignatius of Loyola- He founded the Jesuits

1534 - 1535

The Jesuits were one of the major spearheads of the Counter-Reformation.

Francis Xavier

1541 - 1542

He was one of the original Jesuits and one of the greatest missionaries of all time. He was invited to go to the East Indies by John III of Portugal.


1542 - 1543

Council of Trent

1545 - 1546

A council that was located in Trent

Effects of the Reformation


1562 - 1563

St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

1572 - 1573

Edict of Nantes

1598 - 1599

Treaty of Westphalia

1648 - 1649

Ended the Thirty Year’ War. It allowed rulers to determine whether their countries would be Catholic or Protestant. This is the beginning of freedom of religion in the United States.

Scientific Revolution

Christopher Columbus

1492 - 1493

Discovered the Americas.

Nicolaus Copernicus

1543 - 1544

Tycho Brahe

1577 - 1578

Emphasized the importance of careful observations and detailed, accurate records. He charted the positions of more than 750 stars. This made evidence and facts important to

Johannes Kepler

1600 - 1601

Francis Bacon, Rene Descarftes, and the Scientific Method

1610 - 1625

Galileo Galilei

1613 - 1614

Sir Isaac Newton

1687 - 1688

Scientific Revolution: Inventions


1608 - Present