history timeline



Printing Press and Gutenberg Bible printed

1451 - 1452

It helped people understand and be able to read the bible

Erasmus wrote a book that named problems in the church.

1516 - 1517

His work laid the foundations for Luther's Reformation,

Luther posts 95 Thesis

1517 - 1518

Posted it so people saw what the church was doing and the mistakes it made

William Tyndale-translated the bible into English.

1525 - 1526

This allowed people to read the bible and start to question the practices of corrupt church leaders.

King Henry VIII

1534 - 1535

He was the first king of spain.

Counter Reformation

Ignatius of Loyola

1534 - 1535

He founded the Jesuits (the Society of Jesus). The Jesuits were one of the major spearheads of the Counter-Reformation.

Francis Xavier

1541 - 1542

He was one of the original Jesuits and one of the greatest missionaries of all time. He was invited to go to the East Indies by John III of Portugal.


1542 - 1543

Was a group of institutions within the judicial system of the Roman Catholic Church whose aim was to combat heresy.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1546

The Council of Trent was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church

Effects of the Reformation


1562 - 1563

members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France during the 16th.

St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

1572 - 1573

a targeted group of assassinations

Edict of Nantes

1598 - 1599

The Edict of Nantes, issued on 13 April 1598, by Henry IV of France, granted the Calvinist Protestants of France

Scientific Revolution

Nicolaus Copernicus

1543 - 1544

Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a heliocentric model of the universe which placed the Sun, rather than the Earth, at the center.

Johannes Kepler

1600 - 1601

Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer.

Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes and the Scientific Method

1610 - 1625

Descartes' rationalism and Bacon's empiricism had to be combined to produce the modern scientific method.

Galileo Galilei

1638 - 1639

Galileo Galilei, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution.

Sir Isaac Newton

1687 - 1689

Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely regarded as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution