The printing press enabled people to print papers so other people can know what is happening.
1516-Erasmus wrote a book that named problems in the church.
1516 - 1517
His work laid the foundations for Luther's Reformation,
1517-Luther posts 95 Thesis
1517 - 1525
The 95 theses was published by Martin Luther which listed the corrupt ideas of the church.
1525-William Tyndale-translated the bible into English.
1525 - 1534
This allowed people to read the bible and start to question the
practices of corrupt church leaders.
1534- King Henry VIII
1534 - 1535
King Henry VIII was a figure of reformation in England.
a. 1492- Christopher Columbus
1492 - 1543
He was an Italian sailor who discovered America in 1492.
b. 1543 Nicolaus Copernicus
1543 - 1576
Copernicus published his theory of the sun in the center of the solar system. Copernicus had waited a long time before publishing his theory, he waited because he was afraid of persecution from the church.
c. 1577-Tycho Brahe
1577 - 1600
Emphasized the importance of careful observations and
detailed, accurate records. He charted the
positions of more than 750 stars. This made
evidence and facts important to
d. 1600- Johannes Kepler
1600 - 1613
Kepler discovered that all of the planets orbit the sun in a elliptical, not circular. He also said that the planets move faster when there closer to the sun.
g. 1610-1625- Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes and the Scientific Method-
1610 - 1625
e. 1613- Galileo Galilei
1613 - 1686
f. 1687- Sir Isaac Newton
1642 - 1727
1534- Ignatius of Loyola- He founded the Jesuits (the Society of Jesus)
1534 - 1542
The Jesuits were one of the major spearheads of the
1541 Francis Xavier
1541 - 1562
1 of original Jesuits & 1 of the greatest missionaries of all timeHe was invited to go to the East Indies by John III of Portugal.
1542 - 1543
The Spanish inquisition was a group of Spanish monarchs who punished Jews.
1545- Council of Trent-
1545 - 1546
To clarify church teachings that had been criticized by Protestants
Effects of the Reformation
1562 - 1563
1572- St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre -
1572 - 1573
Catholics tried to attack and kill Protestants in France on St. Bartholomew Day Massacre
1648- Treaty of Westphalia
1648 - 1649
Ended the Thirty Year’ War. It
allowed rulers to determine whether their countries would be
Catholic or Protestant. This is the beginning s of freedom of
religion in the United States.