Cold War

Main

Yalta Conference

February 4, 1945 - February 11, 1945

The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, held February 4–11, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.

VE - Day

March 8, 1945

Victory in Europe Day (VE Day) was on May 8th 1945. VE Day officially announced the end of World War Two in Europe.

Mao Zedong Takes Control Of China

June 19, 1945 - September 9, 1976

Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), was a Chinese communist revolutionary, politician and socio-political theorist.The founding father of the People's Republic of China from its establishment in 1949, he governed the country as Chairman of the Communist Party of China until his death. In this position he converted China into a single-party socialist state, with industry and business being nationalized under state ownership and socialist reforms implemented in all areas of society. Politically a Marxist-Leninist, his theoretical contribution to the ideology along with his military strategies and brand of policies are collectively known as Maoism.

Potsdam Conference

July 17, 1945 - August 2, 1945

The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm Hohenzollern, in Potsdam, occupied Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945... Participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States. The three powers were represented by Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill, and, later, Clement Attlee, and President Harry S. Truman.

VJ - Day (UK)

August 15, 1945

Victory over Japan Day (also known as Victory in the Pacific Day, V-J Day, or V-P Day) is a name chosen for the day on which Japan surrendered, effectively ending World War II, and subsequent anniversaries of that event.

VJ - Day (USA)

September 2, 1945

Victory over Japan Day (also known as Victory in the Pacific Day, V-J Day, or V-P Day) is a name chosen for the day on which Japan surrendered, effectively ending World War II, and subsequent anniversaries of that event.

Investigating Communist Activity In Hollywood

1947

In 1951, with the U.S. Congress now under Democratic control, HUAC launched a second investigation of Hollywood and Communism.

Hollywood Blacklisting

1947 - 1963

The Hollywood Blacklist came into being in 1947 when the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) began to summon certain Hollywood entertainment professionals on the suspicion that their work was communist-inspired. As the media began extensive coverage of the proceedings, some writers, producers, and directors became known as the "Hollywood Ten." The ten all served time in 1950 and they all were also fined $1,000 and were put on the "Blacklist". The blacklist prevented any kind of job opportunities in media-based production.

Marshall Plan Is Announced...

April 1948 - April 1952

The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was the American program to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism. The plan was in operation for four years beginning in April 1948. The goals of the United States were to rebuild a war-devastated region, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, and make Europe prosperous again.

Berlin Blockade - Begins & Ends

June 24, 1948 - May 12, 1949

The Soviet's aim was to force the western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying Berlin with food, fuel, and aid, thereby giving the Soviets practical control over the entire city. Eventually, the Berlin Airlift became in progress in which the U.S. sent Air Forces to aid and supply West Germany. This had embarrassed the Soviet Union and their plans so the blockade came to an end in the Spring of 1949.

Soviets Explode First Atomic Bomb...

August 29, 1949

The Soviets had once attempted at an atomic bomb in 1947; their plans had failed. But, the second practice of an atomic bomb is what brought a scare to the U.S. The soviets had succeeded in their second attempt with a bomb made of hydrogen. This was the first atomic bomb made by the Soviets and later became named the "H-Bomb".

Joe McCarthy - Communist Witch Hunt Begins

May 19, 1950 - July 10, 1956

Joe McCarthy was born in 1908 into a Catholic family. McCarthy started studying and investigating communist groups in America in 1928. The witch hunting came along when the "Red Scare" haunted the United States. This witch hunting process eventually became named "McCarthyism".

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

The Korean War ( 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between the Republic of Korea (South Korea), supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), at one time supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. It was primarily the result of the political division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II.

Julius & Ethel Rosenberg's Conviction

August 3, 1950

Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg (September 25, 1915 – June 19, 1953) and Julius Rosenberg (May 12, 1918 – June 19, 1953) were United States citizens convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war, and executed. Their charges were related to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.

Vietnamese War

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975

The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam) was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955[A 1] to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam, supported by the People's Republic of China and other anti-capitalist, communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other capitalist, anti-communist countries.

John F. Kennedy Elected President

January 20, 1961 - November 22, 1963

John F. Kennedy was elected president in a tight race with Nixon. Prior to his term, Kennedy was thought to be too inexperienced to become president. Some people didn't believe that John F. Kennedy could handle the issues of the Cold War. Kennedy became president in 1961 until his assassination in November of 1963.

The Rise Of The Berlin Wall

August 13, 1961 - November 9, 1989

The Berlin Wall was both the physical division between West Berlin and East Germany from 1961 to 1989 and the symbolic boundary between democracy and Communism during the Cold War... The Berlin Wall was officially referred to as the "Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart" (German: Antifaschistischer Schutzwall) by GDR authorities, implying that neighbouring West Germany had not been fully de-Nazified.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

The Cuban Missile Crisis — known as the October crisis in Cuba and the Caribbean crisis (Russian: Kарибский кризис, tr. Karibskiy krizis) in the USSR — was a 13-day confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side, and the United States on the other, in October 1962.

Apollo 11 Lands On The Moon

July 20, 1969

Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first humans, Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, on the Moon on July 20, 1969, at 20:18 UTC. Armstrong became the first to step onto the lunar surface 6 hours later on July 21 at 02:56 UTC.

The Fall Of The Berlin Wall

October 3, 1990

The physical Wall itself was primarily destroyed in 1990. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on 3 October 1990.

Fall Of The Soviet Union - End Of Cold War

1991

Several Soviet Socialist Republics began resisting central control, and increasing democratization led to a weakening of the central government. The USSR's trade gap progressively emptied the coffers of the union, leading to eventual bankruptcy. The Soviet Union finally collapsed in 1991 when Boris Yeltsin seized power in the aftermath of a failed coup that had attempted to topple reform-minded Gorbachev.