Cold War

VE Day

Victory over Europe

1944

On the Eastern Front Soviet armies swept (1944) through the Baltic States, E Poland, Belorussia, and Ukraine and forced the capitulation of Romania

VJ Day

Victory over Japan

August 15, 1945

Also known as Victory of the Pacific Day, chosen for the day Japan surrendered. Ending the WWII
September 2, 1945, when the signing of the surrender document occurred, officially ending World War II.

Yalta Conference

Yalta Conference

1945

At Yalta, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin made important decisions regarding the future progress of the war and the postwar world.
The Yalta Conference took place in a Russian resort town in the Crimea from February 4-11, 1945, during World War Two

Postdam Conference

Postdam Conference

July 16, 1945

On 16 July 1945, the "Big Three" leaders met at Potsdam, Germany, near Berlin. In this, the last of the World War II heads of state conferences, President Truman, Soviet Premier Stalin and British Prime Ministers Churchill and Atlee discussed post-war arrangements in Europe, frequently without agreement.

Rise of Berlin Wall

Rise of Berlin Wall

1961 - 1989

The Berlin Wall was both the physical division between West Berlin and East Germany from 1961 to 1989 and the symbolic boundary between democracy and Communism during the Cold War.
No longer could East Berliners cross the border for operas, plays, soccer games, etc.

Marshall Plan is announced

Marshall Plan is announced

1948

American program to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.

Berlin Blockade begins and ends

Berlin Blockade begins and ends

1948 - 1949

one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Allied control. Their aim was to force the western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying Berlin with food, fuel, and aid, thereby giving the Soviets practical control over the entire city.

Soviets explode first atomic bomb

Soviets explode first atomic bomb

August 29, 1949

It came as a great shock to the United States because they were not expecting the Soviet Union to possess nuclear weapon knowledge so soon. Previously, the United States had used two atomic bombs on Japan to cause them to surrender during World War II. The impact that the possession of nuclear weapons by the Soviet Union had upon the United States was that it caused Americans to question their own safety.

Korean war begins and ends

Korean war begins and ends

1945

On August 8th, 1945 the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, and on the following day, they landed in North Korea. The Americans did not land on Korea until September 8th, 1945. The Soviet Union stayed north of the 38th parallel, like they agreed to do. However, by the time the Americans landed in Korea, the Soviet Union was well under way developing a Communist government in North Korea.

Mao Zedong takes control of China

Mao Zedong

1849

The founding father of the People's Republic of China from its establishment in 1949, he governed the country as Chairman of the Communist Party of China until his death. In this position he converted China into a single-party socialist state, with industry and business being nationalized under state ownership and socialist reforms implemented in all areas of society. Politically a Marxist-Leninist, his theoretical contribution to the ideology along with his military strategies and brand of policies are collectively known as Maoism.

Joe McCarthy begins Communist witch hunt

Communist witch hunt

1945

From 1945 to around 1952, America endured the Red Scare. The Red Scare, the hunt for Communists, was epitomized in the McCarthy trials when many innocent citizens were labeled as Communists. In many ways, it resembled the notorious Salem Witch Hunt of the 1690's. Both involved fear, prejudice, and a lack of respect for civil rights of the citizens. The Red Scare was a time in history when the United States was in apprehension of the communist government of Russia. In the Salem witch trials people were in trepidation of witchcraft the same way that Americans were in apprehension of communism.

John F. Kennedy elected President

John F. Kennedy

November 8 1960

John F. Kennedy becomes the youngest man ever to be elected president of the United States, narrowly beating Republican Vice President Richard Nixon. He was also the first Catholic to become president.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted

convicted of passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.

1951

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of conspiring to steal designs for America's atomic bomb and delivering them to Soviet secret agents. Two years later, they were executed in the electric chair, leaving behind two young sons and a nation bitterly divided about the extent of their crimes and whether the death penalty was justified.