Treaty of Tordesillas – divides world between Portugal and Spain
John Cabot lands in North America.
Ponce de Leon claims Florida for Spain.
Verrazano explores North American Coast
Hernando de Soto explores the Mississippi River Valley.
Coronado explores what will be the Southwestern United States
Spanish found the city of St. Augustine in Florida
Sir Francis Drake explores the coast of California.
the Lost Colony
British establish Jamestown Colony – bad land, malaria, rich men, no gold
- Headright System – lad for population – people spread out
introduced to Virginia by Rolfe
First African slaves brought to British America.
- Virginia begins representative assembly – House of Burgesses
Plymouth Colony is founded.
- Mayflower Compact signed – agreed rule by majority
Founded by the Dutch
Mass. Bay founded – “City Upon a Hill”
- Gov. Winthrop
- Bi-cameral legislature, schools
Rhode Island is founded – by Roger Williams
-Harvard College is founded
The Navigation Acts are enacted by Parliament.
- limited trade, put tax on items
Bacons Rebellion – Virginia – Bacon wants frontier protection from royal Gov. Berkeley – put down
- first uprising against British
Pennsylvania is founded by William Penn. – Quaker – 1st library – center of thought
Dominion of New England – royal Gov. Andros – attempt to unify Northern colonies to curb independence
- Suspended liberties – town meetings
- Failed – Andros left
Enlightenment – reason, natural rights, deism (god made universe but doesn’t control it)
- John Locke, Adam Smith, Rousseau
Great Awakening – George Whitefield, Edwards, Gibbens – threatening
- salvation for all, extreme piety, Divine Spirit
Georgia Colony is founded. – buffer state
-Molasses Act – import tax on molasses, sugar, rum –to curb trade with French West Indies – not strictly enforced
The French and Indian War
- Over Ohio River Valley – trade / settlement
- French build forts – Fort Duquesne – and are friendly with the Indians
- English Gov. Dunwittie has stock in Ohio Land Company – sends George Washington to expel the French
- British declare war
Albany Plan of Union - for defense – fails and shows disunity of colonies
Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War - French loose all territory
-Paxton Boys Rebellion – dissatisfied about frontier protection in PA
-Proclamation of 1763 restricts settlement west of the Appalachians
-Pontiac’s Rebellion – tribes organize against British movement
-SALUTORY NEGLECT ENDS
The Sugar – to raise revenue – England in debt
-cut Molasses Act in half
-objection – 1st direct tax – “No taxation without representation”
-Currency Acts – prevents printing of colonial money
The Stamp Act – tax on printed materials to “keep troops in colonies”
-colonists don’t want standing army
-Sons of Liberty enforce non-importation
-Stamp Act Congress – Protests Stamp Act
-We buy only from England, and deserve equal privileges
Colonies must support troops
The Townshend Acts – tax lead, paint, paper, glass, tea
- colonies react by non-importation, Samuel Adams Circular letter
- Governor of Mass suspends legislature
The Boston Massacre.
-Golden Hill Massacre in NY
Samuel Adams organizes the Committees of Correspondence.
-Gaspee Incident – British ship burned – attempted to collect taxes
The Tea Act - reduces price to tea – gives England a monopoly
-Boston Tea Party – dump tea into sea
The Intolerable Acts – to punish Boston
-Boston Port Act – closes ports
-Massachusetts Government Act – no town meetings, no trial by jury, military rule, Quartering Act
-Quebec Act – Quebec added to Ohio River Valley
- Britain supports people in Quebec Catholic, don’t have trial by jury, no election
-The First Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia
Battles of Lexington and Concord
-The Second Continental Congress convenes
American Declaration of Independence
-Thomas Paine's Common Sense
-Battles of Long Island and Trenton
Battle of Saratoga – turning point in Revolution
-Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation - Dickinson
-Vermont ends slavery.