APUSH

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Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Treaty of Tordesillas – divides world between Portugal and Spain

John Cabot

1497

John Cabot lands in North America.

Ponce De Leon

1513

Ponce de Leon claims Florida for Spain.

Verrazano

1524

Verrazano explores North American Coast

Hernando de Soto

1539 - 1542

Hernando de Soto explores the Mississippi River Valley.

Coronado

1540 - 1542

Coronado explores what will be the Southwestern United States

St. Augustine

1565

Spanish found the city of St. Augustine in Florida

Sir Francis Drake

1579

Sir Francis Drake explores the coast of California.

Roanoke

1584 - 1587

the Lost Colony

Jamestown Colony established

1607

British establish Jamestown Colony – bad land, malaria, rich men, no gold
- Headright System – lad for population – people spread out

Tobacco Cultivation

1614

introduced to Virginia by Rolfe

1st African Slaves

1619

First African slaves brought to British America.
- Virginia begins representative assembly – House of Burgesses

Plymouth Founded

1620

Plymouth Colony is founded.
- Mayflower Compact signed – agreed rule by majority

New York

1624

Founded by the Dutch

Mass Bay founded

1629

Mass. Bay founded – “City Upon a Hill”
- Gov. Winthrop
- Bi-cameral legislature, schools

Puritan Migration

1630

Rhode Island Founded

1636

Rhode Island is founded – by Roger Williams
-Harvard College is founded

Navigation acts

1650 - 1696

The Navigation Acts are enacted by Parliament.
- limited trade, put tax on items

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

Bacons Rebellion – Virginia – Bacon wants frontier protection from royal Gov. Berkeley – put down
- first uprising against British

Pennsylvania

1682

Pennsylvania is founded by William Penn. – Quaker – 1st library – center of thought

Dominion of England

1686

Dominion of New England – royal Gov. Andros – attempt to unify Northern colonies to curb independence
- Suspended liberties – town meetings
- Failed – Andros left

Salem Witchcraft Trials

1692

Enlightenment

1700 - 1799

Enlightenment – reason, natural rights, deism (god made universe but doesn’t control it)
- John Locke, Adam Smith, Rousseau

Great Awakening

1720 - 1740

Great Awakening – George Whitefield, Edwards, Gibbens – threatening
- salvation for all, extreme piety, Divine Spirit

Georgia Colony

1733

Georgia Colony is founded. – buffer state
-Molasses Act – import tax on molasses, sugar, rum –to curb trade with French West Indies – not strictly enforced

The French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War
- Over Ohio River Valley – trade / settlement
- French build forts – Fort Duquesne – and are friendly with the Indians
- English Gov. Dunwittie has stock in Ohio Land Company – sends George Washington to expel the French
- British declare war

Albany Plan

1754

Albany Plan of Union - for defense – fails and shows disunity of colonies

Treaty of Paris

1763

Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War - French loose all territory
-Paxton Boys Rebellion – dissatisfied about frontier protection in PA
-Proclamation of 1763 restricts settlement west of the Appalachians
-Pontiac’s Rebellion – tribes organize against British movement
-SALUTORY NEGLECT ENDS

Sugar Act

1764

The Sugar – to raise revenue – England in debt
-cut Molasses Act in half
-objection – 1st direct tax – “No taxation without representation”
-Currency Acts – prevents printing of colonial money

Stamp Act

1765

The Stamp Act – tax on printed materials to “keep troops in colonies”
-colonists don’t want standing army
-Sons of Liberty enforce non-importation
-Stamp Act Congress – Protests Stamp Act
-We buy only from England, and deserve equal privileges

Quartering Act

1766

Colonies must support troops

Townshend Acts

1767

The Townshend Acts – tax lead, paint, paper, glass, tea
- colonies react by non-importation, Samuel Adams Circular letter
- Governor of Mass suspends legislature

Boston Massacre

1770

The Boston Massacre.
-Golden Hill Massacre in NY

Committees of Correspondence

1772

Samuel Adams organizes the Committees of Correspondence.
-Gaspee Incident – British ship burned – attempted to collect taxes

Tea Act

1773

The Tea Act - reduces price to tea – gives England a monopoly
-Boston Tea Party – dump tea into sea

Intolerable Acts

1774

The Intolerable Acts – to punish Boston
-Boston Port Act – closes ports
-Massachusetts Government Act – no town meetings, no trial by jury, military rule, Quartering Act
-Quebec Act – Quebec added to Ohio River Valley
- Britain supports people in Quebec Catholic, don’t have trial by jury, no election
-The First Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia

Lexington and Concord

1775

Battles of Lexington and Concord
-The Second Continental Congress convenes

Declaration of Independence

1776

American Declaration of Independence
-Thomas Paine's Common Sense
-Battles of Long Island and Trenton

Battle of Saratoga

1777

Battle of Saratoga – turning point in Revolution
-Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation - Dickinson
-Vermont ends slavery.