APUSH Review Timeline

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Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

divides New World between Portugal and Spain

Spain claims FL

1513

Ponce de Leon

Roanoke

1584 - 1587

the lost colony

Jamestown

1607

bad land, malaria, rich men, no gold
headright system- land for population, people spread out

Quebec

1608

established by the french

Tobacco in VA

1614

tobacco cultivation- John Rolfe

House of Burgesses

1619

first assembly of elected representatives, in VA

First African slaves

1619

brought to British America

Plymouth Colony

1620

-Mayflower Compact
-separatists aka pilgrims

New York

1624

founded by Dutch

MA Bay Colony

1629

-"City upon a hill"
-governor winthrop
-bicameral legislature

Puritan Migration

1630

Maryland

1632

for profit
proprietorship

Roger Williams banished from MA

1634

Connecticut

1635

Rhode Island

1636

founded by Roger Williams
religious tolerance

Delaware

1638

MD Toleration Act

1649

toleration for Christians, later repealed

Navigation Acts

1650 - 1696

enacted by Parliament
limited trade, taxed items

Halfway Covenant

1660

increased puritan church membership by easing requirements

Carolinas

1670

Charles II grants charter for the Carolinas
restoration colony

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

VA
Bacon wants frontier protection from governor Berkeley, put down
first uprising against the Brits

Pennsylvania

1682

founded by William Penn
Quaker

Dominion of New England

1686

attempt to unify Northern colonies

Salem Witch Trials

1692

Enlightenment

1715

reason natural rights, deism
-John Locke, Adam Smith, Rousseau

Great Awakening

1720 - 1740

George Whitefield, Edwards<
threatening
salvation for all, extreme piety, Divine Spirit

Georgia

1733

Buffer state

Molasses Act

1733

import tax on molasses, sugar, rum

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

aka King George's War

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

over Ohio River Valley- trade and settlement
French forts (Fort Duquesne), are friendly w/ Indians
English send GWash to expel the French, declare war

Albany Plan

1754

plan for defense
fails, shows disunity of colonies

End of Salutary Neglect

1763

Treaty of Paris 1763

1763

ends F&I war
French loose all territory

Proclamation of 1763

1763

Pontiac's Rebellion

1763

tribes organize against British movement

Sugar Act

1764

to raise revenue for England
objection- "no taxation without representation"

Currency Acts

1764

prevents printing of colonial money

Stamp Act

1765

tax on printed materials to keep troops in colonies
sons of liberty

Stamp Act Congress

1765

protests stamp act

Quartering Act

1766

colonies must support troops

Townshend Acts

1767

tax lead, paint, paper, glass, tea
colonies reaction- nonimportation
governor of MA suspends legislature

Boston Massacre

1770

Committees of Correspondence

1772

organized by Samuel Adams

Gaspee Incident

1772

British ship burned, attempted to collect taxes

The Tea Act

1773

actually reduces price of tea, but gives England a monopoly

Boston Tea Party

1773

protests tea act
dump tea into the sea

Intolerable Acts

1774

to punish Boston
-boston port act closes ports
-MA government Act: no town meetings, trial by jury, milit rule, quartering
-Quebec Act: quebec added to ohio river valley

1st Continental Congress

1774

in Philadelphia
-moderate, don't want to split from england
-demand rights of englishmen

Lexington and Concord

1775

first battles of Revolutionary War

2nd Continental Congress

1775

more radical
"declaration of causes and necessity of taking up arms"
Gwash as commander
Olive branch petition- last attempt to reconcile, rejected

R.H. Lee's Resolution

1776

"should be independent states"

Declaration of Independence

1776

Common Sense

1776

Thomas Paine

Battle of Saratoga

1777

Turning point in revolution

Articles of Confederation

1777

independent, free, sovoreign states
some duties and restrictions
union for defesnse
can't wage war w/out consent
can't control trade

Treaty of Alliance

1778

US and France
sends army and navy

Spain war with England

1779

spain declares war on england

Yorktown

1781

British surrender
cornwallis looses

Treaty of Peace

1783

independence recognized
granted fishing rights
loyalist restitution of property
brit withdraws from forts
free navigation of mississippi

Land Ordinance of 1785

1785

govt responsible over territory
distribution of land, included schools and edu

Annapolis Convention

1786

agreement to revise AoC, fails

Shay's Rebellion

1786

depression, no market, no hard currency, poor farmers
want MA govt to print more money
rebellion put down by donations
*shows weakness of AoC, no army

Great Compromise

1787

bicameral legislature
-equality in senate
-popular in house

3/5 compromise

1787

representation of slaves
(count 3/5 of votes)

Slave importation

1787

no importation of slaves after 1808

James Madison

1787

develops principles for the constiution

Northwest Ordinance

1787

prohibits slavery in the west, provides for states to be admitted on equal status

Constitutional Convention

1787

Philadelphia, to revise articles
CONSTITUTION
I. house of reps, senate, congress
II. executive
III. supreme court
IV. protection against invasion
V. 2/3 of both houses to amend constitution

George Washington

1789

1st president

Judiciary Act

1789

establishes courts beneath Supreme Court

French Revolution

1789

don't help france

George Washington

1789 - 1796

Bill of Rights

1791

I. freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly
II. right to bear arms
III. no quartering without consent
IV. against search and seizure
V. not subjected to same offense twice, be deprived of life liberty property
VI. speedy trial
VII. trial by jury
VIII. no cruel and unusual punishment
IX. rights not confined to what is written
X. powers not delegated to US are reserved to states

1st Bank of US

1791

Alexander Hamilton's program

Eli Whitney

1793

invents the cotton gin

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

poor farmers don't want to pay excise tax
GWash uses troops to suppress rebellion

Jay's Treaty

1795

Pinckney's Treaty

1795

with Spain, free navigation of MS river, right of deposit in New Orleans

2nd Great Awakening

1795 - 1840

religious revival, rebirth

Washington's Farewell Address

1796

strong central govt
foreign neutrality

XYZ Affair

1796

France attacks Am ships and makes unreasonable demands
no money, no war

John Adams

1796

federalist
VP- Jefferson (Rep)

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

illegal to publish anything against govt or president

VA and KT Resolutions

1798

gave states right to nullify if unconstitutional
(anti alien and sedition acts)

Thomas Jefferson

1800

elected president
Dem-rep

Louisiana Purchase

1803

loose interpretation contradicts jefferson's strict int.

Marbury vs. Madison

1803

Judicial review

NJ ends slavery

1804

12th amendment

1804

Lewis and Clark

1804 - 1806

expedition west

Steamboat

1807

built by Robert Fulton

Embargo Act

1807

stop exports, no war no impressment, federalist object to cut off trade

End of Af Slave Trade

1808

Nonintercourse Act

1809

resumes trade with all but France and Britain

Fletcher vs Peck

1810

action of state can be declared unconstitutional

Battle of Tippecanoe

1811

Harrison defeats Indian Tecumseh who made alliance with Indians for defense

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

to protest trade, stop impressment, protect mercantilism
-war hawks: want canada to join, federalist against war

Treaty of Ghent

1814

ended war of 1812

Era of Good Feelings

1814

begins

Hartford Convention

1814

feds against war of 1812 and mercantile practices of madison

2nd BUS

1816

American Colonization Society

1816

relocate free blacks to Liberia

American System

1816

Henry Clay
federally founded domestic improvements
protective tariff

Panic of 1817

1817

land speculation, banks can't pay loans of BUS, bank runs

Veto of bonus bill

1817

bonus bill for domestic improvements, veto by Madison

Convention of 1818

1818

enforcement of fishing rights
N Louisiana boundary at 49th parallel

McCulloch vs Maryland

1819

enforced constiutionality of 2nd BUS
"power to tax is the power to destroy"

Transcontinental Treaty

1819

get FL from Spain
Jackson invades, remove spanish threat

Dartmouth College vs Woodward

1819

broad interpretation of contract

Missouri Compromise

1820

ME admitted as free state and MO as slave state

Land Act

1820

reduce price of land
encourage development

Cumberland Road Bill

1822

to build road, vetoed by Monroe

Monroe Doctrine

1823

no future colonization in the hemisphere

Gibbons vs Ogden

1824

interstate trade controlled by fed courts

Corrupt Bargain

1824

no candidate won majority, so the House had to vote for president
Clay was speaker of the house
Jackson accused Clay of helping Adams win

Eerie Canal

1825

Panama Conference

1826

congress doesnt send ambassador to avoid slavery issue

Tariff of Abominations

1828

protective tariff
opposed by south

South Carolina Exposition and Protest

1828

by Calhoun, reaffirms right of state to nullify

Kitchen Cabinet

1828

Jackson's informal cabinet

Election of 1828

1828

Jackson promises to limit executive power, internal improvements, lower debt

The Liberator

1831

begins publication
abolitionist

Trail of Tears

1831 - 1838

Southern Indians removed to Oklahoma

Nat Turner Rebellion

1831

Force Bill

1832

allows president to do what is necessary to enforce tariff

Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia

1832

ruling was for the cherokees
tribes were distinct political communities

Ordinance of Nullficiation

1832

SC nullifies tariff
clay negotiates and reduces tariff

Department of Indian Affairs

1832

Tariff of 1832

1832

raises tariff
calhoun resigns

Texas War for Independence

1835 - 1836

"Lone Star Republic"

Gag Rule

1836

prohibits discussion of slavery in house

Republic of TX recognized

1837

by the US

Charles Bridge vs Warren Bridge

1837

society's interest over private interest

Panic of 1837

1837

partly due to Jackson's withdrawal of funds from BUS, Van Buren does nothing

Independent Treasury System

1840

constructs vaults to hold federal money

Election of 1840

1840

Harrison defeats Van Buren
Harrison dies of pneumonia and VP Tyler becomes president

Independent Treasury Act repealed

1841

Webster-Ashburton Treaty

1842

ends boundary dispute

Tariff BIll

1842

Raised tariffs back to 1832 status

Oregon Trail

1843

migration

Annexation of Texas

1845

Slidell mission

1846

slidell sent to negotiate, rejected by mexico

Elias Howe

1846

invents sewing machine

Mexican-Am War

1846 - 1848

54"40' or Fight

1846

get oregon below 49th parallel

Walker tariff bill

1846

lowered tariff

Wilmont Provisto

1847

no slavery in new states formed from Mexican land, rejected

Polk Doctrine

1847

resurrection of Monroe Doctrine concerning admitting new states into union

Trist Mission

1848

Trist negotiates Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
-gets territory of AZ, CA, CO, NV, NM, UT, WY

Seneca Falls Convention

1848

headed by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton
women's rights
in NY

Gold in CA

1848

gold discovered a Sutter's mill

Clay's Compromise of 1850

1850

CA free state
other areas- popular sovoreignty
US takes TX debts
slave trade banned in WA
fugitive slave law strengthened

Gadsden Purchase

1853

buy land from Mexico to build RR

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1853

Harriet Beecher Stowe
showed lives of slaves

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

passed to create 2 states for a RR to go west
slavery in states- popular sovereignty
north fears overturn of MO compromise

Ostend Manifesto

1854

by Buchanan to take Cuba, rejected

Walker Expedition

1854

Walker raises army, takes Nicaragua, Pierce recognizes new government

Bleeding Kansas

1854 - 1859

a series of violent political confrontations between pro and anti slavery

Pottawatomie Massacre

1856

John Brown kills 4 pro-slavery people

Panic of 1857

1857

depression
Buchanan does nothing

Dred Scott decision

1857

slaves are property to be taken anywhere- allows for slavery in N
says MO compromise is unconstitutional

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

1858

debate on extension of slavery into new territories

Free Port Doctrine

1858

dred scott has to be enforced, if not popular sovoreignty rules

Harpers Ferry

1859

John Brown's raid to free slaves

Civil War

1860 - 1865

SC secedes

1860

Fort Sumter

1861

first shot of civil war

Lincoln suspends habeas corpus

1861

Pacific RR Act

1862

partially fed funded
gave land for RR

Homestead Act

1862

land grants for agricultural college
encouraged westward expansion

10 percent plan

1863

once 10% of a state pledged allegiance to the union, the state would be allowed back in

Banking Acts

1863

establish federally caharted banks

Battle of Gettysburg

1863

Union victory and turning point of the war

Battle of Antietam

1863

led to emancipation proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

issued by Lincoln, declared that all slaves in confederate states would be free

Election of 1864

1864

Lincoln defeats McClellan

Wade-Davis Manifesto

1864

congress controls reconstruction

Pullman Car and Refrigerated Car invented

1864

Sand Creek Massacre

1864

Chivington attacks defenseless Indian village

13th Amendment

1865

abolishes slavery

Lincoln assassinated

1865

Andrew Johnson becomes president

Civil Rights Act

1865

passed over Johnson's veto
gave blacks equal rights

Freedman's Bureau

1865

provide education, food, medical care to the poor in the south

Fetterman Massacre

1866

troops killed

National Labor Union

1866

short lived
attempted polit involvement
womens rights, temperance, 8hr day

Reconstruction Acts

1867

divide south into 5 milit units
protect black voting
establish new constitutions

Alaska purchased

1867

Tenure in Office Act

1868

pres cant remove any appointed official w/out senate consent
(declared unconstitutional)

14th Amendment

1868

all people born within the US are citizens (equal protection)

KKK begins

1868

Carnegie Steel Company

1868

Knights of Labor formed

1869

secret

Transcontinental RR completed

1869

from Union Pacific & Central Pacific

15th Amendment

1870

right to vote can't be determined by race

Standard Oil Company

1870

Force Acts

1870

protect constitutional rights guaranteed to blacks by 14th and 15th amendments

Credit Mobilier Scandal

1872

stockholders of RR construction company overcharge gov for job

Grant Re-elected

1872

Slaughterhouse Cases

1873

14th amendment doesnt place fed govt under obligation to protect basic rights concerning monopolies

Red River Was

1874

last attempt to resist reservations

Farmer's Alliance

1874

anti RR pools, rebates, pass Granger laws

Civil Rights Act

1875

equal rights for blacks

US vs Reese

1876

allows voting qualifications- literacy test, poll tax, grandfather clause

Alexander Graham Bell

1876

invents telephone

Munn vs Illinois

1877

if in interest of public good, then states can regulate prices reasonably

Compromise of 1877

1877

Hayes becomes president, troops withdraw from south

Bland-Allison Act

1878

coined a limited number of silver

Treaty of 1878

1878

get rights to Pago-Pago, samoa

Thomas Edison

1879

invents electric light

A Century of Dishonor

1881

by Helen Hunt Jackson
showed injustices to native americans

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

European Restriction Act

1882

Jim Crow Laws

1883

more passed

Am Federation of Labor

1886

founded by Gompers
for skilled only
no women/blacks
used strikes

Interstate Commerce Act

1886

regulate RR and private business

Dawes Severalty Act

1887

govt break up land individually
failed

1st Pan American Conference

1889

trade agreement

Jane Addams

1889

founds Hull House

North Am. Women's Suffrage Association

1890

Sherman antitrust act

1890

Wounded Knee

1890

Indians revolt to outlawing the sacred ghost dance

Sherman Silver PUchase Act

1890

govt buys silver but doesn't coin

McKinley Tariff Act

1890

raises tariffs

General Electric Company

1892

Homestead Strike

1892

at carnegie steel

Populist Omaha Platform

1892

8hr workday, nationalization of RR, inflation, coinage of silver, antirich capitalist, decrease Tariff

Sherman Silver Purchase Act repealed

1893

devalued gold

Pullman strike

1894

pullman co. controls prices but fires workers, railway union strikes

US vs EC Kight Company

1895

Pollack vs Farmer's Loan and Trust Co

1895

income tax is unconstitutional

Atlanta Compromise Speech

1895

Booker T Washington. both races must accept and help each other. blacks have to earn rights

Plessy vs Ferguson

1896

separate but equal

Cross of Gold

1896

by Bryan
criticized monetary policy for being to harsh on the farmer

Peace of Paris

1898

gives cuba independence
US gets puerto rico, philippines, guam

Teller Amendment

1899

gave cuba freedom

Gold Standard Act

1900

standard unit of value

Boxer Rebellion

1900

Chinese nationalist rebel
foreign nations unite to suppress rebellion

National Negro Business League

1900

Booker T. Washington

Progressive Era

1900

cure corruption
anti-monopoly
temperance
help immigrants and labor
building codes
public utilities

US Steel Corporation

1901

Platt Amendment

1901

gave US a base in Cuba and permission for troops to intervene and consent to treaties

Elkins Act

1903

dealt with RR rebates
part of square deal

National Child Labor Committee

1904

Panama Canal Zone

1904

acquired

Roosevelt Corollary

1904

to the Monroe Doctrine
made US a police force

INdustrial Workers of the World

1905

Pure Food and Drug Act

1906

FDA

The Jungle

1906

Upton Sinclair
meat packing reform
meat inspection act

Muller vs Oregon

1908

limited number of hours for women

Payne-Aldrich Tariff

1909

lowered tariffs

NAACP founded

1909

Dollar diplomacy

1909

16th Amendment

1913

authorized income taxes

17th Amendment

1913

direct election of senate

Federal Reserve Act

1913

troops sent to haiti

1915

Fuel Administration

1916

headed by Garfield

Adamson Act

1916

allowed govt to take over RR

Food Administration

1916

headed by HOover

US enters WWI

1917

Great Migration

1917

blacks move north
causes race riots
harlem renaissance
garvey back to africa movement

National War Labor Board

1918

prevented strikes

Espionage and Sedition Act

1918

suppress criticism, can't interfere with draft

Treaty of Versailles

1918

germany accepts full blame

Wilson's 14 points

1918

open covenatnts
disarmament
form poland
freedom of seas and trade
rebuilding of belgium
leauge of nations

Palmer Raids

1919

Shenk vs US

1919

open opposition to war will undermine war effort

Abrahams vs. US

1919

upheld sedition act

18th Amendment

1919

prohibits alcoholic beverages

19th amendment

1920

Women's sufferage

Margaret Sanger

1921

American Birth Control League

Teapot Dome Scandal

1923

sec of interior fall sells oil reserves to private industry

Scopes "Monkey" Trial

1925

evolution

Great Gatsby

1925

Fitzgerald

Sacco and Vanzetti executed

1927

Stock Market crash

1929

durable goods
easy credit
overproduction
debt
speculation

Stimpson doctrine

1932

New Deal

1933

WPA- employed artists, writers, photographers
CCC
NIRA
Glass Stegall Banking Act
SEC
AAA- paid farmers to not overproduce
TVA
CWA
NYA
HOLC
Good neighbor policy

Indian Reorganization Act

1934

Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1796

John Adams

1796 - 1800

Thomas Jefferson

1800 - 1808

James Madison

1808 - 1816

James Monroe

1816 - 1824

John Quincy Adams

1824 - 1828

Andrew Jackson

1828 - 1836

Martin Van Buren

1836 - 1840

democrat

John Tyler

1840 - 1844

was VP to William Henry Harrison, who died in office

James K. Polk

1844 - 1848

Zachary Taylor/ MIllard Fillmore

1848 - 1852

taylor dies in 1850, Millard is VP

Franklin Pierce

1852 - 1856

James Buchanan

1856 - 1860

Abraham Lincoln

1860 - 1865

Andrew Johnson

1865 - 1868

Ulysses S. Grant

1868 - 1876

Rutherford B. Hayes

1876 - 1880

Chester A. Arthur

1881 - 1884

Grover Cleveland

1884 - 1888

Benjamin Harrison

1888 - 1892

Grover Cleveland

1892 - 1896

William McKinley

1896 - 1900

Theodore Roosevelt

1900 - 1908

William Howard Taft

1908 - 1912

Woodrow Wilson

1912 - 1920

Warren G. Harding

1920 - 1923

Calvin Coolidge

1923 - 1928

Herbert Hoover

1928 - 1932

FDR

1932 - 1945