European History Landmark Dates

Movements

Age of Exploration

1453 - 1600

Reformation, Counterreformation, Religious Wars

1517 - 1648

Scientific Revolution

1550 - 1650

Agricultural Revolution

1600 - 1700

Enlightenment

1700 - 1800

Wars and Battles

100 Years War

1353 - 1453

Constantinople falls to Ottoman Turks

1453

Expulsion of Jews extends Spanish Inquisition

1492

Defeat of the Spanish Armada

1588

30 Years War

1618 - 1648

France increases as a world power (Richelieu)
Spain decreases as a world power

English Civil War

1646 - 1649

War between Charles I and his parliamentary opponents

Glorious Revolution

1688

Ended with William and Mary being invited to throne

End of 7 Years War

1763

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo

1814

Third French Revolution

1848

Revolutions in Prussia, Austria, etc.

1848

World War I

1914 - 1918

Russian Revolution

1917

World War II

1939 - 1945

United States deploys atomic bomb

1945

Treaties and Conferences

Peace of Lodi

1453

Act of Supremacy establishes Anglican Church

1534

Peace of Augsburg ends Schmalkaldic Wars, Charles V

1555

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Congress of Vienna

1815

Potsdam Conference

1945

Treaty of Maastricht establishes EU

1994

People and Discoveries

Lorenzo de Medici dies

1492

Columbus discovers New World

1492

Luther posts 95 Theses in Wittenberg

1517

Peter the Great westernizes Russia

1688

Newton's "Principia"

1688

Marx publishes his Communist Manifesto

1848

Political Events

Great Exhibition in England

1851

Unification of Germany and end of Italian unification

1871

Fall of the Soviet Union

1991

US stock market crash extends into Europe and threatens EU

2008