Beyond Good and Evil (1886)
Thus Spake Zarathustra (1884),
The Antichrist (1889)
The Will to Power (1889)
radical creative individualism (not capitalist bureaucratic alienated individualism);
rejects positivism (faith in science);
all assertions of knowledge -- whether mathematical, artistic, or linguistic are mere representations and not truth or nature itself.
“God is dead, we have killed him.” The death of God meant a joyful quest for the poetries of life.
His sister edited excerpts of his writings that were profoundly against women and Jews, that established the idea of a blond, Germanic super-race; 1000s of German soldiers went to the front in WW-I with copies of Thus Spake Zarathustra in their knapsacks (not Bibles, as with U.S. soldiers).
The assassins of Archduke Franz Ferdinand were reported to have been quoting Nietzsche in the cafes of Zagreb before proceeding to Sarajevo.
Selected aphorisms from Beyond Good and Evil: does any of this sound a bit like Sensei in Kokoro?
69: One has not watched life very observantly if one has never seen the hand that—-kills tenderly.
76: When there is peace, the warlike man attacks himself.
94: Man’s maturity: to have regained the seriousness that he had as a child at play.
104: Not their love, but the impotence of their love keeps today’s Christians from burning us at the stake.
116: The great epochs of our lives come when we gain the courage to re-baptize our evil as our best.
127: Science runs counter to the modesty of all genuine women. They feel as though it were being used to peek under their skins-—worse yet, under their dress and make-up.
131: The sexes deceive themselves about one another. For fundamentally they honor and love only themselves (or their own ideal, to say it more pleasingly). Man, for example, wants woman to be peaceable, but women are unpeaceable by their very nature, like cats, however well they have trained themselves to appear peaceable.
139: In revenge and in love, women are more barbaric than men.
144: When a woman is intellectually inclined there is usually something wrong with her sex. Even barrenness disposes her to a certain masculinity of taste; for man—if I may say so—is the “barren animal.”
145: Comparing men and women as a whole, one may say that women would not have their genius for adornment if they did not have the instinct for playing a secondary role.
156: Insanity is the exception in individuals. In groups, parties, peoples, and times, it is the rule.
157: The thought of suicide is a strong consolation; one can get through many a bad night with it.
164: Jesus said to his Jews, “The Law was made for servants. Love God as I do, love him as a son does. What do we sons of God care about morality!”