History of America

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Jamestown

1607

First successful English colony in N America, kinda

First slaves arrive in Virginia

1619

House of Burgesses

1619

First colonial legislature in Virginia. Only white male landowners represented. Belief in self govt.

Pilgrims arrive/ Mayflower Compact

1620

Puritans fleeing religious persecution in England are headed towards Virginia. They miss and land outside the colony, create the Mayflower Compact as a kind of provisional government. Only men sign it.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

1629

"Puritan City on a Hill," the non-seperationist Puritans got a charter from the crown

New England Confederation

1644 - 1675

Formed to protect Massachusetts and Connecticut during Indian Wars.

Act of Religious Toleration

1649

Only toleration for Christians, caused by grumpy religions such as Quakers, Puritans, and Catholics

Bacon's Rebellion

1676 - 1677

Nathaniel Bacon & Indentured Servants vs. Governor William Berkeley of Jamestown. Indentured servitude turned into slavery after rebellion.

Leisler's Rebellion

1689

After glorious revolution, wanted to launch offensive against Canada

Great Awakening

1730 - 1749

Period of religious revival across colonies

All 13 colonies established

1733

Zenger Trial

1735

John P. Zenger arrested for publishing seditious things against governor. Ruled him innocent, said free people should have a right to publicly remonstrate against abuse. Freedom of press

Stono County Rebellion

1739

20 black Carolinians met near Stono River. Took guns & powder from store, killed storekeepers. Burned houses and killed whites. Largest slave revolt in colonies prior to revolution.

Albany Plan of Union

1754

B. Franklin's plan for joint protection of colonies

Proclamation Line

1763

Colonists can't go past the Appalachians

Paxton Boys Rebellion

1764

People marched demanding protection from indians

Sugar Act

1764

Tax on Sugar and Molasses and stuff

Stamp Act

1765

Tax created to make smuggling harder in colonies. Pissed Americans off, led to Stamp Act Congress

Stamp Act Congress

1765

Formed to protest Stamp Act, Issued Declaration of Rights and Grievances which was formally ignored by Parliament.

Quartering Act

1765

Colonists must allow British troops to lodge with them

Declaratory Act

1766

Issued after Stamp Act was repealed; reaffirmed dominance of the crown.

Townshend Duties

1767

Plan to put taxes on most popular items imported to colonies, led to raised tensions between Colonists and Brits

Boston Massacre

1770

Ignited the spark between Brits and Colonists. British troops were being harassed and kinda accidentally ended up killing some people

Boston Tea Party

1773

Sam Adams talks colonists into dumping a bunch of tea into the Boston Harbor

First Continental Congress

1774

Called for a boycott on British goods

Lexington and Concord

1775

First battle of Revolution! The British came, the British came!

Battle of Bunker Hill

1775

Early Revolutionary battle, victory for British despite many deaths

Second Continental Congress

1775
  1. Declaration of Independence
  2. Continental Army
  3. Articles of Confederation
  4. States write their constitutions

Declaration of Independence

1776

'MURICA!

Articles of Confederation

1776

Govt. could raise armies, declare war, sign treaties. Could NOT tax

Battle of Saratoga

1777

Turning point! Franco-American Alliance! Other nations form non-alliance with Britain!

Battle of Yorktown

1781

Last battle with British, we win!

Treaty of Paris

1783

Ends Revolutionary War

Land Ordinance of 1785

1785

Helped decide how the west would be settled

Shay's Rebellion

1786 - 1787

Farmers being crushed by taxes

Constitutional Convention

1787

Started by Shay's Rebellion. Ends up replacing Articles of Confederation with Constitution
COMPROMISES:
1. Great Compromise
-2 houses
2. 3/5 Compromises
-Southern slaves count as 3/5 of a person, also get taxed
3.Commerce Compromise
-South agreed to federal control over foreign & interstate trade, importation of slaves allowed for 20 years. Govt. can collect import taxes

Northwest Ordinance

1787

Creates path to statehood, No slavery beyond it

Constitution Ratified

1789

Bye Bye Articles of Confederation!

Judiciary Act

1789

Created Supreme Court

Thomas Jefferson Elected

1800

Peaceful transition of powers!

Marshall Court

1801 - 1835

Marshall was the Chief justice, Hugely federalist, Marbury v Madison, etc.

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Biggest Territorial acquisition in US history! Jefferson!

Florida acquired

1819

Adams-Onis Treaty, US pays $5 mil

Missouri Compromise

1820

Enters Missouri as slave state and Maine as free state, sets latitude for free states

Nullification Crisis

1828

Congress passed a tariff, SC tried to nullify, was eventually shut down

Indian Removal Act

1830

Law passed by Congress to resettle Indian Tribes to Oklahoma Territory

Compromise of 1833

1833

Reduced rotective tariff that caused nullification crisis

Trail of Tears

1838

Relocation of Indians, very brutal

Texas acquired

1845

declared independent from mexico, annexed into US

Oregon Country Acquired

1846

Forty-ninth parallel between US and Britain

Mexican Cession

1848

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo after Mexican American War

Seneca Falls Convention

1848

First women's rights convention

Compromise of 1850

1850

Admits Cali as free state, divides the rests of Southwest into territories, gives them self determination. Bans slavery in DC. Stronger fugitive slave code

Fugitive Slave Law

1850

Reinforces original fugitive slave law, must bring slaves back to owners

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Novel that describe cruelty of slavery and increased tensions for both pro and anti slaveries

Gadsden Purchace

1853

Purchases land from mexico to build railroad

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Kansas and Nebraska territories get popular sovereignty, invalidates missouri compromise and northwest ordinance

John Brown's Raid

1856

John Brown hoped to raid the federal arsenal and distribute weapons to slaves to cause a revolt

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Supreme Court says slaves are property, every state might as well be a slave state.

States secede

1860

After Lincoln is elected all the Southern states begin to secede, started by SC

Fort Sumter

1861

First battle of Civil war

Anaconda Plan

1861

Union plan to squeeze south to death with Naval blockade and such

Battle of Antietam

1862

Bloodiest day in Civil War

Gettysburg

1863

Union victory, very deadly battle

Gettysburg Address

1863

Inspired nation to rally behind Union cause

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

Political move to free southern slaves, added moral cause to union

Draft Riots

1863

Deadly riots protesting the draft

Bread Riots

1863

Southerners were growing sick of not having supplies so the women rose up and looted

Sherman's March to the Sea

1864

Cut the confederacy in half

Isms

Colonial Sectionalism: Colonies vs Colonies

1607 - 1763

Revolutionary Sectionalism: Colonies vs Crown

1763 - 1781

Federalist Era Sectionalism: States vs Federal

1781 - 1800

Antebellum Period

1800 - 1860

Isms:
-Nationalism
-Sectionalism
-Expansionism
-Abolitionism
-Secessionism
-Nullificationism

Antebellum Sectionalism: North vs South

1800 - 1850

War

French and Indian War

1750

Cause started after this, Brits wanted taxes to pay for this war

Causes of Revolution

1763 - 1776

Taxes and shit

Intolerable Acts

1774

Passed to punish Mass. for the Boston Tea party.. Closed Boston harbor, shut down civilian courts, forced colonists to house troops, placed colony under rule of appointed governor

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

American Revolution. Bam! 25,324 American deaths, cost $101.1 mil, ended in Treaty of Paris

War

1775 - 1781

Fighting!

Critical Period

1781 - 1789

Constitution Building

Federalist Era

1789 - 1800

Peaceful party transition = final battle of revolution in 1800

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

Fought against GB Because Britain was interfering with US shipping. America became more credible as a nation. No land changed hands.

Mexican War

1846 - 1848

US manifest destiny caused us to essentially declare war on Mexico for no reason to take territory from them. Gained California, Nevada, Utah, etc.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Parties

Federalist Party

1787 - 1820

Federal, obviously. FOR THE UNION!

Republican Party

1792 - 1817

States Rights

Republican Party

1817 - 1825

Era of Good Feelings

National Republican Party

1825 - 1834

Democratic-Republican Party

1825 - 1828

Andrew Jackson, Later turns into Democratic

Democratic Party

1828 - 1990

Modern!

Whig Party

1834 - 1856

Republican Party

1854 - 1990

Modern!

Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1797

-Federalist
-Develops executive branch
-2 term limit
-isolationism

John Adams

1797 - 1801

-Federalist
-Alien & Sedition Acts
-Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

-Democratic Republican
-Louisiana Purchase / Lewis and Clark
-Embargo Act
-Era of the Small Farmer
-Slave trade abolished

James Madison

1809 - 1817

-Democratic Republican
-President during war of 1812
-Hartford Convention

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

-Democratic Republican
-Monroe Doctrine
-Era of Good Feelings
-Missouri Compromise

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

-National Republican
-Era of Ill Feelings
-Corrupt Bargain
-Supports Abolitionism later in HOR

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

-Democrat (Founded Party)
-Era of Common Man
-Trail of Tears
-Nullification Crisis
-Destroys BUS
-Alamo

Martin VanBuren

1837 - 1841

-Democrat
-Panic of 1837
-Largest Voter turn out ever

William H. Harrison

1841

-Whig
-Dies in office
-Does nothing

John Tyler

1841 - 1845

-Whig
-1st VP to take Presidency
-Does nothing cool

James K. Polk

1845 - 1849

-Democrat
-Manifest Destiny all the way
-Mexican war, cession
-Oregon

Zachary Taylor

1849 - 1850

-Whig
-Dies in office

Millard Fillmroe

1850 - 1853

-Whig
-Compromise of 1850
-Uncle Tom's Cabin released during presidency

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

-Democrat
-Election where slavery is THE issue
-Kansas-Nebraska Act

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

-Democrat
-Dred Scott
-Harper's Ferry
-Supports amend. to Const. protecting slavery
-President when South secedes

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

-Republican
-Civil War President
-You should know what he does
-Go away