A plan drawn up by the "Quartet" - the United States, Russia, the European Union and the United Nations suggesting how a settlement might be approached.
It led up to a statement in June 2002 by President George W Bush, the only US president to to call for a Palestinian state. It presented a periodic timetable putting the institution of security before a final settlement; made to create confidence, leading to a final talk.
Phase 1: Both sides would issue statements supporting the two-state solution, the Palestinians would end violence, act against "all those engaged in terror", draw up a constitution, hold elections and the Israelis would stop settlement activities and act with military restraint
Phase 2: Would see the creation, at an international conference, of a Palestinian state with "provisional borders"
Phase 3: Final agreement talks
The roadmap wasn't implemented and its timetable called for final agreement to be reached in 2005. It has been overtaken by events but is a reference point for negotiators.