COLD WAR

Main

East Asia

Pearl Harbor

1941

A Japanese attack on the American Naval base in Oahu Hawaii.

Chinese Civil War

1944 - 1947

between Chinese Nationalists and Chinese communists.

Zedong

1945

Heroshima and Nagasaki

1945

Potsdam Conferance

1945

big 3 soviet leaders as well as winston churchhill and president met in Potsdam to negotiate terms of ending world war 2.

38th parrallel

1945

the suggested divide line in korea during the korean war

Korean War

1950 - 1953

starts when North Korea Attacks South korea. the U.S. joined in as president Truman and General MacArthur debate on what how to proceed. ended in a stalemate.

Domino Effect

1954

the idea that if a communist nation was victorious there would be a chain reaction of communist takeovers. U.S. used the theory in Southeast Asia to justify non-communist regime in South Vietnam.

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975

Northern Vietnam and allies Viet Cong against North Vietnam and United states. Began after Ho chi minh came into power.

Viet Cong

1957

forces that supported Northern Vietnamese Army. Vietnamese military and political organizations

Gulf of Tonkinn Resolutions

1964

congressional approval for expansion of the Vietnam War.

Tet Offensive

1968

a coordinated series of attacks in south Vietnam. planned by Vo Nguyen Giap.

My Lai

1968

American Soldiers brutally killed majority of south vietnamese, My Lai

Vietnamization

1969

plan to end U.S. involvement in Vietnam War. plan was to set all military responsibilities to South Vietnam.

Pentagon Papers

1971

name given to study Department about political and military involvement in Vietnam.

Europe

Begin/ fall of berlin wall

1920 - 1991

WW1

1939 - 1945

allies vs. germany and the others

V-E Day

1944

Great Britain and U.S. celebrate a victory in Europe.celebrated defeat of the Nazi machine.

D-Day

1944

american, British and Canadian troops landed on 5 beaches of Normandy France. largest amphibious military invasions in history.

Nuremburg

1945 - 1946

trials were to bring nazi war criminals to justice

Yalta Conferance

1945

between the 3 chief allied leaders, to plan the defeat of Nazi Germany

UN created

1945

created to keep peace in world

Containment

1946

Marshall Plan

1947 - 1951

$13 billion to finance economic recovery of europe.

Truman Doct.

1947

. Truman asks for U.S. assistance for Greece and Turkey to forestall communist domination of the two nations.

Berlin airlift

1948 - 1949

defeated germany into divided regions and Berlin, capital, divided int o 4 regions, closed off railrods, highways, canals etc. believed to drive the french, Americans, and Britains out of the territories.

NATO

1949

warsaw pact

1955

U-2

1960

Berlin wall

1961 - 1989

SALT 1&2

1972

series of treaties

Munich Olympics

1972

Detente

1972

Middle East

Camp David Accords

1979

Iranian Hostage Crisis

1979

Shah of Iran overthrown

1979

iran-contra affair

1983

Persian Gulf War

1990 - 1991

the iraq war when iraq invaed kuwait.

Hussein

1990

Patriot Act

2001

iraq/afgan invasions

2001

Western Hemisphere

United Nations

1945

House on Un-American Activities com

1947

Hiss,Alger

1948

Rosenburg, Julius and Ethel

1950

Duck and Cover

1957

Bay of Pigs Invasion

1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Cold War Competition

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) & KBG

1951

Nuclear Arms Race

1952

H-Bomb tests

1952

International Ballistic Missiles

1957

Sputnik

1957

NASA

1958

Space Race

1961

John Glenn

1962

Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)

1984