The Middle Ages were known as the Dark ages because there was a loss of learning, education, and trade
The Roman Empire fell after it was split in two
Clovis rules in 511 and the Carolingian Dynasty rules from 751-987. The Franks lived in Gaul, present-day France. Some other rulers were Charles Martel and Charlemagne
The byzantine Empire was created when the Roman Empire split in two halves. The capital was Constantinople
He ruled from 481 to 511 and converted him men into christians
The muslims were ruled by the Umayyads, the Abbasids, and the Fatimid dynasties
Charles Martel fought against the Muslims near Spain. This was an important battle because it guaranteed Spain would be ruled by Christians
Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor
Louis The Pious gave his empire to his three sons, Louis The German, Charles The Bald and Lothiar, spliting the Frankish empire into 3
Fuedalism started when Rollo went to King Charles the Simple ready to attack and King Charles gave the vikings land if they wouldn't attack
William The Conqueror defeated the Saxtons. This battle showed the importance of archers and calvary.
Battles are started at Antioch and Nicaea. Pope Urban calls for a Holy War in Clermont to help the emperor of Constantinople fight the Turks
The Crusades were a series of Holy Wars fought between the Christians and the Muslims for Jerusalem
Ended with the looting of two christian cities, Zara and Constantinople
Richard The Lionhearthed of England, King Phillip of France and Emperor Frederick Barbarosa. Ended with a truce between Richard The Lionhearted of England and Saladin.
France fought England and won.
The Byzantine Empire fell to the Turks