Cold War

Main

Yalta Conference

February 4, 1945

Franklin Roosevelt (United States), Winston Churchill (Great Britain), and Joseph Stalin (USSR) agreed to meet to discuss war strategy and issues that would affect the postwar world.

VE Day

May 8, 1945

(Victory in Europe Day)
Officially announced the end of World War 2.

Potsdam Conference

July 16, 1945

President Truman, Soviet Premier Stalin and British Prime Ministers Churchill and Atlee discussed post-war arrangements in Europe, frequently without agreement. Future moves in the war against Japan were also covered.

VJ Day

September 2, 1945

(Victory in Japan)
The formal surrender of Japan.

Marshall Plan

June, 1947

The Secretary of State George C. Marshall proposed the European Recovery Program, also known as the Marshall Plan, which would give European nations American aid to rebuild their economies.

The House Un-American Activities Committee Opens Hearings

October, 1947

Investigation about Communist Activity in Hollywood takes place.

Hollywood Blacklisting

October, 1947

The all-male group of screenwriters, producers and directors (Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner Jr., John Howard Larson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott and Dalton Trumbo) refused to cooperate with the investigation and used their HUAC appearances to denounce the committee's tactics. All were cited for contempt of Congress and sentenced to prison terms, in addition to being blacklisted from working in Hollywood.

Berlin Blockade

1948

The Soviet Union fails to prevent supplies from reaching the sectors of Berlin occupied by Western forces.

Soviet's Explode First Atomic Bomb

September, 1949

Mao Zedong Takes Control of China

October 1, 1949

The People's Republic of China was formally announced, with Mao Zedong as its leader. He would remain in charge of the nation until his death in 1976.

Korean War

June 25, 1950

When North Korea invaded South Korea, it ended on July 1953 when the People's Republic of China, North Korea, and South Korea agree to an armistice, a truce, or an agreement to stop fighting.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are Convicted

March, 1951

They were convicted of espionage and sentenced to the death penalty.

Joe McCarthy Begins Communist Witch Hunt

October, 1953

McCarthy began his witch hunt for “Communists infiltration in the military” which was the last straw for President Eisenhower.

Vietnam War

1955

U.S. military aid and advisers are sent to South Vietnam and in 1973 the last US troops leave Vietnam.

John F. Kennedy Elected President

November, 1960

Rise of Berlin Wall

August 13,1961

Built to show physical representation of the "Cold War" division.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 22, 1962 - October 28, 1962

Kennedy announced to the nation that American spy planes had taken photographs showing that the Soviet Union had placed long- range missiles in Cuba. On the 28th, the leaders reached an agreement; Kennedy publicly agreed that he would not invade Cuba and privately agreed that he would remove his Turkish missiles. While the Soviets agreed to remove their missiles from Cuba.

Apollo 11 Lands on the Moon

July 20, 1969

Neil Armstrong is the first to step on the moon.

Berlin Wall Falls

November, 1989

When the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border whenever they pleased.

Fall of Soviet Union

December, 1991

(The Cold War ends) The Soviet Union disintegrated into fifteen separate countries.