After successful conquests, the land became the Hebrew state of Israel, named after the patriarch Jacob who was renamed Israel by God.
First kings were Saul, David, and Solomon.
After Solomon's death, the country divided into two and southern part named Judah.
In 721 BC, Israel was destroyed by the Assyrians and that inhabitants disappeared from history as "THE Then Lost Tribes of Israel".
Judah was conquered by the Babylonians, and the Jews were deported into exile.
When the Persians under Cyrus the Great overcame the Babylonians, the Jews were permitted home again to rebuild Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem which the Babylonians had destroyed.
The Romans destroyed Jerusalem and most of the Jews were dispersed from the land.
A new religion came blazing out of Arabia fueled with the word of the prophet Mohammed.
Zionism (political support for the creation & development of a Jewish homeland had increased its activity in Russia and Eastern Europe.
When Lord Balfour put into writing Britain's support for "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people."
Jewish immigration into Palestine had already began on a small but regular scale.
Britain declared Jewish land purchases in Palestine would be cut back sharply for the next five years and then stopped altogether
Britain which had been handed the Palestine problem by the now --- defunct League of Nations passed it on, with relief, to the newly born United Nations.
The UN agreed to partition Palestine into
- a Jewish state
- an Arab state
- a neutral US zone containing Jerusalem
a city sacred to three religions.
Israel destroyed the Egyptian air force on the ground, and with military supremacy assured, headed west across Sinai.
Arafat; Palestinian statesman who was chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
A PLO group "Black September" murdered 11 Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics
Egypt attacked Sinai while Syria attacked the Golan Heights.
→ Israel again prevailed, driving further into Syria and encircling the entire Egyptian Third Army in Sinai, clearing a path to Cairo.
The PLO was given official status by the UN and the Arab world accepted it as a Palestinian government in exile.