Cold War

Monday

Yalta Confrence

February 4, 1945 - February 11, 1945

FDR, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin get together for a meeting to discuss the future of the post war world.

VE-Day

March 7, 1945 - March 8, 1945

Called VE-Day for Victory in Europe Day. It was the end of WWII.

Potsdam Conference

July 17, 1945 - August 2, 1945

The Potsdam Declaration was brought up in the meeting to inform Japan they had an ultimatum. The ultimatum was, Japan must immediately agree to unconditionally surrender, or face "prompt and utter destruction".

VJ-Day

August 14, 1945 - September 2, 1945

Called VJ-Day, which means Victory over Japan Day. Japan surrendered after being bombed twice.

Rise of Berlin Wall

August 13, 1961 - November 9, 1989

It was built to split the German capital, Berlin, in half. The wall was built to keep East Germans from fleeing to the West.

Tuesday

Berlin Blockade

1948 - May 1949

The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of France, Great Britain and the United States to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany.

Marshall PLan

April 1948 - 1951

Was made to relief the economy and to help rebuild dying postwar Europe.

Soviets Explode First Atomic Bomb

August 29, 1949 - August 30, 1949

At a remote test sight, Soviets detonate an atomic bomb called "first lightning". They tested it on fake buildings placed in the vicinity, and on human-like mammals to see the radiation effects.

Mao Zedong takes control of China

September 21, 1949 - 1976

He announced that China would be under the leadership of the Communist Party of China

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

It was a war against the forces of international communism itself. The invasion on South Korea was the first military action of the Cold War.

Wednesday

HUAC opens hearings investigating Communist activity in Hollywood.

1938

People would go there before congress to see if they were communist and to inform of other communists.

Hollywood Blacklisting

1947

Began when HUAC started suspecting Hollywood artists because of the words they used.

Joe McCarthy begins Communist witch hunt

February 9, 1950

Became 4th on the list of State Department who were known for being members of the American Communist Party

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of passing atomic secrets

March 29, 1951 - 1953

Convicted of espionage for sharing atomic secrets with Russia. Were then sentenced to death and executed.

John F. Kennedy elected President

November 8, 1960 - November 22, 1963

Became youngest person elected as president at the time of election. Also first catholic to become president.

Thursday

Fall of Soviet Union - End of Cold War

1947 - December 1991

Soviet Union disintegrated into 15 separate countries.

Vietnam War

1954 - 1975

More than 3 million people (including 58,000 Americans) were killed in the Vietnam War; more than half were Vietnamese civilians.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962 - October 28, 1962

JFK made a blockade around Cuba to stop missile transportation. JFK and Soviet Leader Nikita Khrushchev came to agreement to remove them from Cuba.

Apollo 11 lands on the moon

July 20, 1969 - July 24, 1969

Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin land on the Moon

Berlin Wall Falls

November 9, 1989

head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border whenever they pleased.