1865-1945 Timeline

By Marcello Granquist

Main

13th Amendment

1865

This amendment abolished slavery. This was a domestic affair.

Progressive Era

Square Deal

1901

Theodore Roosevelt came up with this to prevent large and powerful businesses from taking over smaller and weaker ones. This was a domestic affair.

NAACP

1909

This group fought to improve the rights of African Americans. This was a domestic affair.

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

1911

A fire occurred in this factory in New York. Workers had little time to escape and 146 of them were killed. This called for a reform to improve working conditions. This was a domestic affair.

16th Amendment

1913

This amendment created a graduated income tax. This was a domestic affair.

New Freedom

1913

This was a program made by Woodrow Wilson to give freedom to smaller businesses and protect them from large businesses. This was a domestic affair.

19th Amendment

1919

This amendment stated that the right to vote shall not be denied on account of sex. This was a domestic affair.

Imperialism

Seward's Folly

1867

The U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million.

Annexation of Hawaii

1898

President Harrison tried to annex ?Hawaii, but the office was taken over by Grover Cleveland and he disapproved. Later, it became a U.S. Territory at the start of the Spanish-American War. This was a foreign affair.

Spanish-American War

1898

This was a war between Spain and America. Cuba was being mistreated by Spain and then the Spanish " blew up" the U.S. battleship Maine. This started war. This was a foreign affair.

Open Door Policy

1899

America wanted free trade with China so they came up with this act. This was a Foreign affair.

Panama Canal

1914

This is a very important waterway in the U.S., going from the west coast to the east coast. It took more than 35,000 workers to build.

WWI

Treaty of Versailles

1919

The Treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement signed after World War One. The treaty was signed at the vast Versailles Palace near Paris.

Roaring Twenties

Model T

1908

The model T was an affordable car built by Henry Ford. This was a domestic affair.

18th Amendment

1919

This amendment forbade the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcohol anywhere in the United states. This was a domestic affair.

Radio Station KDKA

1920

This was a radio station created by an executive of the Westinghouse company. Americans listened to music, educational lectures, religious sermons, news, weather reports, and commercials. This was a domestic affair.

Harlem Renaissance

1920

This was a flowering of African American culture which included novelists, poets, and artists celebrating their culture and exploring questions of race in America. This was a domestic affair.

Industrialism

Bessemer Process

1850

Henry Bessemer developed a process for purifying iron, resulting in strong, but lightweight, steel. This was a domestic affair.

Transcontinental Railroad

1863

A railroad that linked the East and the West. This was a domestic affair.

Standard Oil Company

1869

Rockefellar developed a multi-billion dollar company. His methods were in some ways cruel, but very effective. He would buy out his competitors using variety of methods.

Homestead Strike

1892

The economic depression causes a cut in wages at a steel plant. The workers went on strike, but were stopped by a group of men who used physical force. This was a domestic affair.

Reconstruction

Reconstruction

1865

The struggle to return the 11 southern states to the Union , rebuild the south's ruined economy, and promote the rights of former slaves. This was a domestic affair.

14th Amendment

1868

This guaranteed equality under the law for all citizens. This was a domestic affair.

15th Amendment

1869

this forbade any state from denying suffrage on the grounds of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. This was a domestic affair.

Presidents

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

Andrew Johnson

1865 - 1869

Ulysses S. Grant

1869 - 1877

Rutherford B. Hayes

1877 - 1881

James A. Garfield

1881

Chester A. Arthur

1881 - 1885

Grover Cleveland

1885 - 1889

Benjamin Harrison

1889 - 1893

Grover Cleveland

1893 - 1897

William McKinley

1897 - 1901

Theodore Roosevelt

1901 - 1909

William Howard Taft

1909 - 1913

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Warren G. Harding

1921 - 1923

Calvin Coolidge

1923 - 1929

Herbert Hoover

1929 - 1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Harry S. Truman

1945 - 1953

Great Depression

Black Tuesday

1929

This is the day when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million shares were traded in a panic selloff.

Dust Bowl

1930

For eight years dust blew on the southern plains. It came in a yellowish-brown haze from the South and in rolling walls of black from the North. The simplest acts of life — breathing, eating a meal, taking a walk — were no longer simple.

New Deal

1933

The New Deal was a comprehensive series of social and economic programs enacted during the Great Depression by the Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration that have become part of our everyday lives today.

Fireside Chats

1933

The fireside chats were a series of thirty evening radio addresses given by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944.

Second New Deal

1935

The Second New Deal was more controversial and more liberal than the First New Deal.

The most important program of the Second New Deal was the Social Security Act. It provided a permanent system of universal retirement pensions, unemployment insurance and welfare benefits. There were many more acts.

Court Packing

1937

To counter the impact of the Court's decisions on the New Deal reforms, President Roosevelt proposed legislation that would have altered the makeup of the Supreme Court. The Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937, which provided for broad reform of the federal judicial system, allowed President Roosevelt to appoint an additional member to the Supreme Court for every sitting justice over the age of 70, which would have resulted in a total of six new justices at the time the bill was introduced.

Munich Pact

1938

The pact signed by Great Britain, France, Italy, and Germany on September 29, 1938, by which the Sudetenland was ceded to Germany: often cited as an instance of unwise and unprincipled appeasement of an aggressive nation.

Lend-Lease Act

1941

This act set up a system that would allow the United States to lend or lease war supplies to any nation deemed "vital to the defense of the United States."

WWII

Holocaust

1933

The mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime which was led by Adolf Hitler.

Pearl Harbor

1941

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941.

United Nations

1942

The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers.

Battle of Midway

1942

This was a nval battle of WWII where American planes based on land and on carriers decisively defeated a Japanese fleet on its way to invade the Midway Islands

Japanese Internment Camps

1942

On February 19th 1942 Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. Under the terms of the Order, some 120,000 people of Japanese descent living in the US were removed from their homes and placed in internment camps. The US justified their action by claiming that there was a danger of those of Japanese descent spying for the Japanese.

Bataan Death March

1942

Forced march of 70,000 U.S. and Filipino prisoners of war (World War II) captured by the Japanese in the Philippines. From the southern end of the Bataan Peninsula, the starving and ill-treated prisoners were force-marched 63 mi (101 km) to a prison camp. Only 54,000 prisoners lived to reach the camp; up to 10,000 died on the way and others escaped in the jungle.

Battle of the Bulge

1944

The Battle of the Bulge was a major German offensive campaign launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium, France and Luxembourg on the Western Front toward the end of World War II in Europe.

D-Day

1944

The day on which the Allied forces invaded France during World War II.

Atomic Bombs

1945

The atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were conducted by the United States during the final stages of World War II in 1945.

V-E Day

1945

Victory in Europe Day, known as V-E Day, was the public holiday celebrated on 8 May 1945 to mark the date when the World War II Allies formally accepted the unconditional surrender of the armed forces of Nazi Germany and the end of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, thus ending the war in Europe.