Josh Eighmie History Timeline

Main

Bessemer Process

1851

A quick and cheap process to produce lightweight, strong steel, adopted by the U.S. in the late 1800's. Domestic. Industrialization

Transcontinental Railroad

1862

A railroad that linked the East and West sides of the U.S. together. Domestic. Industrialization

Reconstruction

1865

Era during which the federal government struggled with how to return the eleven southern states to the Union, rebuild the South's ruined economy, and promote the rights of former slaves. Domestic. Gilded age

13th Amendment

1865

Freed African American slaves, but did not grant them the privileges of full citizenship. Domestic. Gilded age

Seward's Folley

1867

Purchase of Alaska for natural resources. Foreign. Industrialization

14th amendment

1868

Guaranteed equality under the law for all citizens. Domestic. Gilded age/progressive decision

Standard Oil Company

1868

Created by John Rockefeller, oil monopoly that changed the country and helped get it moving. Domestic. Industrialization

15th Amendment

1870

Gave African American men the right to vote. Domestic. Gilded age/progressive era/decision

Homestead Strike

1892

Conditions in the factory were bad and dangerous, they had long work hours, and received less money, leading to a riot that ended in the death and injury of workers when the Pinkertons were called in. Domestic. Gilded age

Spanish-American War

1898

United States won, gained territory, started over explosion of USS Maine. Foreign. Imperialism

Annexation of Hawaii

1898

We annexed Hawaii so it wouldn't fall into European hands. Foreign. Imperialism

Annexation of Philippians

1899

Philippians won their freedom from U.S. Foreign and domestic. Imperialism

Open Door Policy

1899

With China, to improve/expand trade. Foreign. Progressive era

Square Deal

1904

Protect the poor and small business owners from the rich and powerful. Domestic. Progressive era

Panama Canal

1904

Created to decrease time and cost of shipping. Foreign. Progressive era

Model T

1908

Ford's reliable, affordable automobile that the average American could buy; mass produced via assembly line. Domestic. Industrialization, progressive era

NAACP

1909

Worked towards African American rights and equality. Domestic. Progressive era

16th Amendment

1909

Gives the federal government the ability of using an income tax. Domestic. Imperialism

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

1911

Fire that resulted in the creation of the Department of Labor and led to better work conditions and protective measures. Domestic. Industrialism

New Freedom

1913

Stricter controls on big businesses and more freedom for small ones. Domestic. Progressive era

WWI

1917

We enter World War 1 due to the Zimmerman note and the assassination of Frances Ferdinand. Foreign. WWI

League of Nations

1918

Sought to end conflicts peacefully. Foreign. WWI

19th Amendment

1919

Women's suffrage. Domestic. Progressive era

Treaty of Versailles

1919

Ended World War One. Foreign. WWI

18th Amendment

1920

Started prohibition. Domestic. Roaring twenties

Radio Station KDKA

1920

Radio broadcasted the first licensed commercial radio broadcast in history. Domestic. Roaring twenties

Harlem Renaissance

1920

Flowering and expanding of African American culture. Domestic. Roaring twenties

Black Tuesday

1929

Stock market crashes, starting the great depression. Part of the great depression

Dust Bowl

1932

Drought, loose topsoil, and high winds resulted in the disaster, named the Dust Bowl, on the Great Plains. 100mph, 8000 ft high dust storms ravaged this area. Part of the Great Depression

New Deal

1933

Plan to combat the great depression. Lasted 100 days, 15 bills were passed, three goals: relief, recovery, reform. During the great depression

Holocaust

1933

Began with the persecution of Jews right when Hitler became chancellor of Germany. Nazi Germany's attempt to exterminate all Jews. During WWII

Fireside Chats

1933

Informal radio speeches to the American people by FDR. Helped improve communication to the American public. During the great depression

Second New Deal

1935

Adressed the problems of the ederly, the poor, and the unemployed. During the great depression

Court Packing

1937

Plan to dilute the power of the sitting Supreme Court Justices by adding six more that would side with him to give him more power. During the great depression

Munich Pact

1938

Agreement during the Munich Conference that would preserve the peace between Britian and Hitler for another 11 months, when Hitler breaks the pact. During WWII

Lend-Lease Act

1941

Authorized Roosevelt to sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government any defense article whenever he thought it was necessary in the interests of the defense of the USA. Essentially an economic declaration of war against Germany and the Axis powers. During WWII

Pearl Harbor

1941

Japan launched a sneak attack against USA's naval base at Pearl Harbor, bringing us into the war. During WWII

Bataan Death March

1942

Japanese soldiers forced sick and malnourished American and Filipino POW's to march 63 miles, where more than 7,000 died. During WWII

Battle of Midway

1942

Turning point of the war in the Pacific, ending the Japanese advance, putting Japan on the defensive for the rest of the war. During WWII

Japanese Internment Camps

1942

Temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group. During WWII

Battle of the Bulge

1944

Attempted counter attack by Hitler to form a wedge between American and British forces, but failed when Allies pushed them back at Bastogne, Belgium. During WWII

D-Day

1944

Allied invasion of Normandy, the beginning of the end of the war because we were now able to take back Europe. During WWII

Atomic Bombs

1945

Developed by the Manhattan Project, Truman decided to use these weapons to finish off Japan and prevent American casualties if we invaded. Killed 60,000 people in Hiroshima and 35,000 in Nagasaki. During WWII

United Nations

1945

An organization of 50 countries, stationed in New York City, to aim for equality of everyone and all nations. After WWII

V-E Day

1945

Victory in Europe day. This ended Hitler's Reich and the war in Europe, making Japan our only target. During WWII

Presidents

Andrew Johnson

1865 - 1869

Ulysses Grant

1869 - 1877

Rutherford Hayes

1877 - 1881

Chester Arthur

1881 - 1885

James Garfield

1881

Grover Cleveland

1885 - 1889

Benjamin Harrison

1889 - 1893

Grover Garfield

1893 - 1897

William McKinley

1897 - 1901

Theodore Roosevelt

1901 - 1909

William Taft

1909 - 1913

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Warren Harding

1921 - 1923

Calvin Coolidge

1923 - 1929

Herbert Hoover

1929 - 1933

Franklin Roosevelt

1933 - 1945